What Was The Impact Of The Enlightenment

Decent Essays

The Enlightenment has impacted the way we view society today and reoriented European politics, philosophy, science, and communications. In the wake of the scientific revolution people needed new insight into government, religion, economics, and education, this is where the Enlightenment was created. In the The Enlightenment was a new intellectual movement that stressed reason and thought and the power of individuals to solve problems, referred as the Age of reason by its participants. The enlightenment changed many ideas about government and society. John Locke and Thomas Hobbes two major characters in the Enlightenment were both English philosophers who have impacted modern political science. Both men had a significant impact on how individuals …show more content…

He said that without governments to keep order there would be “war…. of every man against every man,” and that life would be “solitary, poor, nasty, and short.” He believed that everyone should hand over their rights to a strong ruler, also known as a social contract in exchange for laws and safety. John Locke had a very different approach on human nature, he in self-government, that people had the natural ability to govern their own affairs, that people are trusted, could learn from their experiences and develop themselves. One of Locke’s conclusions was that all humans are born free and equal and with three rights life, liberty, and property. However, Locke also believed in government but criticized absolute monarchy, he believed that the purpose of governments was to protect these rights and if they didn’t it was the citizens right to overthrow it. An example that is evidence of Thomas Hobbes conclusion of human nature is that there are millions of people out their dyeing of hunger and live in extreme poverty and its our job to help them yet only a few do. Historical context that acts as evidence to John Locke’s conclusion on human nature is Hurricane Harvey, the way the entire U.S and some parts of the world aided the victims weather it was via donations or physical

Get Access