What is the make up requirement for the characters ‘Rama’ and ‘Ravana’ in a Kathakali performance---The Ramayana by R. K. Narayan?

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What is the make up requirement for the characters ‘Rama’ and ‘Ravana’ in a Kathakali performance---The Ramayana by R. K. Narayan?

‘The Ramayana’ is considered as one of the great Hindu (Indian) epics of the fourth century BC that uses the performance style of the traditional Indian dance drama—Kathakali. Kathakali (literally, ‘story play’) is a type of total theatre, which is described as dance-drama. It performs dramatized stories in the form of combining dance, acting and music. Actors never speak on stage, as the text is present by the onstage vocalists. Therefore their body movements, hand gestures and facial expressions are always important. With facial gestures, the actor must be able to manipulate their facial muscles in order
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Rama didn’t refused to do so and obey Kaikeyi, even when his teacher Vasishtha stop him, he answered ‘Forgive me. It is my duty to obey her also, since she derives her authority from my father, and he ahs given her his word.’ This clearly reveals that his virtuous and godly personality.

This role type is the most refined of all in the Kathakali repertory. They are never permitted to speak or even make a sound on stage. It is also reflected in the dignified and balanced makeup, which let audiences to focuses attention on the actor’s eyes and total facial expression.

The type of make up that Rama can be used in Kathakali is called Paccha as it is specifically for Sāttvika and epic heroic characters. This type of make up is suitable for characters that are upright, moral and full of a calm inner poise . The Paccha make up first has a deep green base where green in Kathakali represents godliness, and could reflect the basic inner exquisiteness of Rama. There is a stylized mark of Viṣṇu on his forehead i.e. yellow base and markings of red and black, which can be shown in the below figure. Visnu is a minor Vedic god and is considered have had nine earthly incarnations, where Rama is one of them.

Figure 1. Viṣṇu mark

The treatment for eye is essential. Eyebrows in painted in a black soft curving pattern

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