Why Child Exploitation Occurs Online Is The Social Learning Theory

904 Words Aug 19th, 2015 4 Pages
The micro-theory that can be associated to explain the case study and why child exploitation occurs online is the social learning theory. The social learning theory is built off of differential association with the idea that criminal behavior is learned from others (Moore, 270). However, social learning theory determines that individuals not only engage in criminal behavior when around people associated with similar behavior, but that the behavior is also justified (Moore, 270). The Internet and technology has made social learning for pedophiles and child exploiters easier. Before the age of technology, child exploitation had its issues as it was a very guarded topic as it is not socially acceptable and against the laws of most countries. People that participated in exploiting children faced issues with sharing information and material as communication was very restricted. While there were pedophile organizations that would advocate child exploitation, there were practical restrictions. However, with the development of technology and the emergence of social media, social learning concerning child exploitation has taken off. Technology has allowed for child exploiters to communicate in ways that were not possible in the past. The Internet has allowed for websites such as BoyWiki and GirlWiki to publicize material on pedophilia and pseudo-legitimizing the act by legitimizing the criminal acts (Kloess, 126). In addition to legitimizing the exploitation of children, the use…

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