Why Humans Should Head Mars?

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Why humans should head to Mars?

Damian Stead

Introduction
This report will answer “Why humans should head to Mars?” with 3 questions; “What is Mars?”. “What is the history of Martian exploration?” and “What does the future hold for Mars?” Both internet and printed resources will be used.

What is Mars?
“Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun. Named after the Roman god of War, and often described as the “Red Planet” due to its reddish appearance.” (23/10/14 http://space-facts.com/mars/)

The quote above gives a quick biography on Mars. Mars is a dry, desert like planet that is between Earth and the Asteroid belt and Jupiter. It is the fourth planet from the Sun and the second closest to Earth (first being Venus). Mars is just over one half the size of Earth and has just over one third of Earth 's gravity, and the surface area on Mars is nearly the same as land area on Earth. It has a very weak magnetic field, so a lot of the Suns radiation gets to the surface. Its atmosphere is less than 1% as dense as Earth’s and 95% of it is carbon dioxide. 1 year on Mars is 687 days and has an average surface temperature of -62 degrees Celsius. But Mars does have its similarities, It travels only 4 miles per second slower around the sun, its tilt is 25 degrees, compared to Earth 's 23.5. 1 day on Mars is just 41 minutes longer than Earths, and Mars’ surface temperature range is the closest in the Solar System to Earth’s. http://www.universetoday.com/22603/mars-compared-to-earth/. But
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