Why Parents Do Not Vaccinate Their Children

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According to the Center of Disease Control, childhood vaccinations have prevented 21 million or more hospitalizations and an estimated 732,000 deaths among children in the United States between 1994 and 2013 (CDC, 2014). Due to those prevented hospitalizations and deaths, the CDC has calculated that childhood vaccinations have saved nearly $1.675 trillion in both direct costs and indirect societal costs (CDC, 2014). Although many benefits stem from childhood vaccination, there is still a copious amount of people who do not and will not vaccinate their children which has led to a heated debate over the whether or not vaccines are ultimately necessary (Stinchfield, 2001). There is a myriad of reasons why parents do not vaccinate their…show more content…
Although there are possible dangerous side effects and an incredibly small chance of contracting the disease even after vaccination, vaccines have repeatedly presented themselves as one of the most successful and cost-effective public health tools through their aid in the eradication of diseases like smallpox and the increased control over diseases such as measles and polio (Olubukola & Lewis, 2007); therefore, I conclude that childhood vaccination should be mandatory in all cases except those in which one’s religious beliefs oppose the vaccination of their children. One perspective on the beneficial aspect of childhood vaccinations is exhibited by many organizations such as the CDC, the American Academy of Pediatrics, and even the World Health Organization (Stinchfield, 2001). This is the perspective that childhood vaccination is ultimately the best way to eradicate diseases throughout the world (Olubukola & Lewis, 2007). There is a large amount of evidence to support this belief; specifically, evidence which supports that vaccine development and use aided significantly in the elimination of smallpox and the drastic reduction of polio cases throughout the world (Bonanni, Sacco, Donato, & Capei, 2014). Between 1900 and 1904, an average of 48,164 cases and 1528 caused by smallpox were reported each year throughout the United States (CDC, 1999). Through the use of vaccination, the prevalence of smallpox steadily decreased until about 1929 when cases only rarely
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