It was the year 1940, during World War II, where Hitler is his allies controlled most of Europe and threaten to control the world. Since Japan had attacked Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, the United States congress finally agreed to enter the war against Germany and its allies after having remained neutral during the war. On October 16, 1940, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the Selective Service and Training Act, which required all male citizens between the ages of 26 and 35 to register for the military draft, and American women to volunteer for wartime service in factories and shipyards to produced munitions and war supplies for the American military. These women took entirely new jobs replacing the male workers who were in the military (Franklin).
World War II began in 1939 and ended in 1945. This war killed more people and destroyed more property than any other war with fifty-nine countries being involved in(2). Pearl Harbor, the first sneak attack by another country on US soil was a pivotal beginning to the war for the United States. There were many reasons for the United States to get involved into the war and help its allies, but it was Pearl Harbor which forced us into it. Because of Pearl Harbor, Hitler and the crimes against humanity that he committed it justified United States entry into the war.
During World War II the United States began to manufacture war materials to support its allies through lucrative government defense contracts as automobile factories like Ford and General Motors put aside their usual business operations and began to produce tanks and airplanes, shipyards too expanded their operations . The demand for war equipment naturally increased the demand for labor and as a result helped pull the American economy out of the grips of the Great Depression. Then as the unthinkable happened, on December 7, 1941, Japan bombed Pearl Harbor, which drew many young American men into the battlefield.
On December 7, 1941, the United States Naval Base in Pearl Harbor was attacked by Japanese fighters, catching the country off guard. Hundreds of planes were destroyed and battleships still filled with crew members sank to their watery graves. A total of 2,403 American were killed in just a matter of minutes. The following day, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt requested that Congress declare war on Japan and allow the United States to enter into World War II. Roosevelt’s request was granted and in that instant things dramatically changed quickly for Americans (Coleman 6). Factories were no longer producing items such as bicycles or automobiles. Instead wartime products such as tanks, machine guns, and aircraft engine parts were being manufactured.
September 1st, 1939 is a day that changed the course of history. Lives were lost, families ripped apart, towns destroyed, and jobs were created. World War II had just begun with the majority of the main countries in our world participating in the war that would ultimately kill millions of soldiers and civilians. Two years later, on December 8th, 1941 after the Japanese surprisingly attacked Pearl Harbor, the United States entered the war fully. During this time, the U.S. enlisted the help of the entire nation; soldiers, factory workers, nurses, and doctors were required both overseas and on the home front. While many men were sent to fight over-seas or prepare at combat training on bases in the U.S., factories and other business were left with a shortage of workers. World War II encouraged, or more accurately, forced, women and wives to leave their homes to begin working. A familiar image that many Americans are familiar with is of the women flexing announcing “We Can Do It!”, which is greatly recognized as a symbol of the female presence in the workforce. Young adults dropped out of school to help out in numerous ways. The amount of children working also increased greatly. Desperate measures to save money and help in the wartime effort lead to many drastic changes in roles and lifestyles of American families on the home front.
In the mist of the countries involvement in one of the most grueling wars in history new barriers were broken to make room for an equal America. Although true equality was not reached, these short four years would lead to the turning point in American acceptance toward diversity, both in and out of the work place. The movement of thousands of men overseas create a substantial gap in the work place, creating a never before seen chance for women, Blacks, and immigrants to flood the many war based jobs. At the same time, the Japanese faced radical discrimination for the events in which provoked the United States entry in to the War. In the years incasing WWII opportunity opened to those who had been affected hardest but
World War Two opened the door for the women of the AAGPBL to take a huge role in the American public. On December 7th, 1941, the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, becoming the largest attack on American soil until the events of 9/11. The United States went to war almost immediately, sending out military grade men between the ages of 18 and 39 to fight in the war between the German and Japanese forces. With the war requiring so many men who would usually be populating the workforce, a sudden unexpected labor shortage emerged. This was only amplified when the need for machines of
From 1941 to the end of World War II, the United States had many things to focus on. “President Franklin D. Roosevelt declared war on Japan on December 8, 1941” . The day after the attack on Pearl Harbor President Roosevelt declared war on Japan. After the attack, repairs in Hawaii were being made. The soldiers that survived the attack of Pearl
When the US entered WWII, a lot of jobs were created since men were needed to serve in the military to fight in the war and in industries to build the guns, tanks, planes, and ships needed for war. While the New Deal provided some jobs, there wasn't a high enough demand for goods and services to cause businesses to truly increase employment. World War II provided the US with a large demand for military goods and services, which caused employment to increase.
On December 7, 1941, Japanese planes attacked Pearl Harbor, killing thousands at the base and prompting the United States to declare war against Japan. The United States joined the Allied Powers in World War II and their presence helped to turn the tides against Germany and the Axis Powers. Upwards of 16 million American men left their homes and joined the military to fight for their country. To fill their places, women took on a multitude of new responsibilities in order to keep the homefront stable and prosperous while the war waged abroad. Encouraged by the likes of “Rosie the Riveter”, women took jobs in industries that were previously exclusive to men, including factories that created weapons and aircrafts used by the military. As needs for soldiers abroad increased, product availability at home was scarce, especially in the aftermath of the Great Depression, meaning that families were forced to ration their food and use
On December 7, 1941, one of the most devastating attacks in United States history occurred at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. On the morning of that day, unsuspecting soldiers were going about their regular duties when an air attack from Japan hit them. Japan sent hundreds of airplanes carrying bombs that brought utter destruction and devastation to hundreds of military equipment, airplanes, and weapons. In a relatively short period of time, 2,402 Americans were killed, and 1,282 were wounded (Merriam). The attacks came during a time where no one on the military base was expecting it, nor were they prepared for such an act to occur. The impact that it had on the United States was astounding. It was shortly after the attack on Pearl Harbor that the United States declared war on Japan and officially entered World War II (Hill). This war against Hitler and the Nazis was one that the United States had avoided since its initiation, but after this attack, the U.S. had no choice but to join the already ongoing war.
December 7th 1941, the United States was blindsided by the Japanese in the worst attack on United States soil in history at the time. Without warning or even a declaration of war the Japanese attacked the Naval Station Pearl Harbor in Honolulu, Hawaii. The surprise attack destroyed and sunk two U.S. Navy battleships and severally damaged five others. The attacks also killed around 2,400 and injured around another 1,180. In return on December 8th, the next day, the United States declared war on Japan and sided with the allies. This put the US in a war they were trying to stay out of more the majority of its duration. Once the US declared war on Japan, Hitler turned around and declared war on the US. So then the US was involved in all parts of the war and everyone had to step up to make it happen. Men enlisted right away to help serve the country that they were so proud to be part of. When they began to be deployed they had to leave their jobs and families to support themselves so someone had to step up to do the work the men had been doing. That someone was the women of the household, this time in history was a turning point for the women’s status in the work force and at the home. As a result, there was a lot of different transitions that took place in the emits of everything, so it would be interesting to know exactly how did the gender role of the everyday women change do to the war. Rather it being that they began working outside the home in fields that were “men’s
On December 7, 1941, The Japanese launched a surprise attack on the naval base stationed in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. This attacked launched America into World War Two. The attack on Pearl Harbor brought forth an astounding amount of change to both the United States and Japan. The United States became the biggest power in the Pacific and it eventually led to the military advancements such as the atom bomb.
This investigation will explore the question: To what extent did women working factory jobs change feminine roles in society? The years from 1939 to 1945 will be the focus of this investigation, to allow for an analysis of women’s employment before and during the war.
The manufacturing of planes, weapons, bombs, and ships created a sharp increase on the GDP of the nation. Government spending sharply increased even prior to America entering WWII. FDR’s Lend-lease program which provided armaments to nations that was aligned to defect Nazism, Fascism, and the Axis powers sparked a national effort for industrial employment. The great military mobilization effort was just beginning, when Japan chose to strike at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. Japans action created a new wave of nationalism and desire to defeat the enemy at all cost. This desire drove the industrial might of America into a frenzy of military and domestic goods build-up, and removed the personal uncertainty that had been hampering American workers and