population, 30.1 percent of all US immigrants, and 10 percent of all Mexicans. The population of Mexican immigrants in America has grown 20 times its size since 1960. (Stoney, Batalova, 2013). It cannot be argued that Mexican immigration is an uncommon occurrence within the United States. As recorded by the Pew Research Center on Mexican immigrants in the United States, more than one half of the Mexican immigrants in the country are unauthorized. The Department of Homeland Security estimates that as of 2010, 11.4 million unauthorized aliens reside within the country. Of the 11.4 million, an estimated 6.7 million of those illegal immigrants are of Mexican descent. (DHS, 2010). Statistical evidence makes obvious the prevalence of Mexican immigration into the US in terms of number.
Today’s world economies are so tied together and react to one another that only the brightest and smartest will survive. The better educated a student is in the specific career that they have chosen to earn a degree in will give them the educated edge so that they can out compete with foreign markets. President Barack Obama said "In this kind of economy, countries who out-educate us today will out-compete us tomorrow. Already, China is graduating eight times as many engineers as we are. By 12th grade, our children score lower on math and science tests than most other kids in the world,” (“Full”). American colleges need to do a better job at improving math and science scores so that the graduating student can better compete in the world market Asian countries are continuously outperforming American students. Gary W. Phillips, chief scientist at the American Institutes of Research said “In this case, the bad news trumps the good because our Asian economic competitors are winning the race to prepare students in math and science,” (Dillon). The better colleges prepare students to edge out competitors in the world market needs to be their priority.
With the emergence of technology the United States has invested heavily in STEM, the academic disciplines of science, technology, engineering, and math, as they are known to be the vehicle that continues to expand the economy with constant innovation. By gearing the nation to revolve their educational system on these four principles the United States is attempting to maintain its global leadership and competitive position as it is widely believed that U.S. students are consistently falling behind their contemporaries from other developed nations. A series of three reports published in 2005 argued that the alarming decline of STEM related graduates in the United States and its loosening grip as the world’s nucleus for scientific innovation.
In recent years, much has changed in the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields. Three sources entitled, Rising above the Gathering Storm, Innovative America, and Tapping America's Potential argue that if Americans do not improve in the STEM field our economy will suffer, so will our exports, and will heavily impact America. If we do not improve then the standard of living may fall and so will our economy. The three reports talk about using more innovation and technology, if we do this then our economy will be stable. The proponents argue that we need to close achievement gaps, improve the quality of teachers, increase labor supply, improve our international ranking, and issue more H-1B visas. Workers in the STEM field think that their employers are replacing them because the H-1B foreign workers are cheaper. Although, critics argue that the STEM movement is sabotaging other countries so, America can be ahead. But, for the US to be ahead in innovation and STEM education, we need to issue more H-1B visas. The H-1b program is for guest workers from different countries.
According to migrationpolicy.org, accessed October 16, 2017, “In 2015 (alone), 1.38 million foreign-born individuals moved to the United States, a 2 percent increase from 1.36 million in 2014.”
Science education has been a controversial topic among employers and schools for years. Employers are requesting more STEM graduates yet the schools are unable to keep up with the rising demand. Unemployment rates continue to go up while positions in the science, technology, and engineering fields have remained open and unfulfilled. STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) education is vital to the position of the United States in the world standings in STEM research and design. Currently 3 of the 5 top positions in STEM research are held by Asian countries and sadly the United States doesn’t even fall in the top 10 for the list. There was once a time when the United States led the world in STEM research, but times have
By the year 2020, the Hispanic population in Texas will outnumber the non-Hispanic White population (Petter and Hoque, 2013). However, Hispanics do not play a significant role in the STEM workforce (Robinson, 2007). The drastically low number of Hispanic students with a STEM degree only represent 5% of the total STEM workforce (Clewell, 2006; Malcolm, 2010; Arcidiacono, Aucejo, & Hotz, 2013). To further amplify the situation, 25% of jobs created over the next six years will require a bachelor’s degree (Strong American Schools, 2008).
A recent study conducted by Messias, McEwen, and Clark (2015)29 stated that the United States has more foreign-born residents than any other nation.
In Let’s Make America Smart Again, the speaker emphasizes the importance of immigrant scientists. For example, Einstein was of Jewish descent and his impact on science is tremendous because he came up with theory of relativity. Some of the other famous people mentioned was Steve Jobs, whose father is from Syria. All of these people were mentioned because they contributed to the scientific advancements of Americans.
Only 16 percent of the legal immigrants in the U.S. were considered skilled workers. The process of Immigration is In 2001, 64 percent of legal immigrants were admitted simply because they had a family member here. “In 1965, 84% of Americans were non-Hispanic whites, 4% were Hispanic, and less than 1% were Asian.” In 2015 62% of Americans are white and 18% of Americans are Hispanic. And Asians count as 6% of the population. 40 million people are legal immigrants right now. With that being about 13%.
(Camarota October, 2011) As can be seen in Figure 2, Latin America and Asia are the two areas where the largest numbers of immigrants originated from with over 11.5 million of the 13.8 million total immigrants who entered the United States in 2000 to 2010. Mexico was the single largest country of origin with over 4 million immigrants while another 4 million immigrated to the United States from the entire continent of Asia. (Camarota October, 2011) As can be seen in Figures 3A and 3B, in 2010, Hispanics accounted for 49.9 percent of the immigrant labor force and Asians accounted for 21.8 percent. Also from Figures 3A and 3B, in 2010, of the 22.3 million immigrant labor force, 5.9 million (26.5%) had less than a high school diploma, 5.6 million (25.3%) were high school graduates, 3.8 million (17.1%) had some college and 6.9 million (31.1%) had a bachelor’s degree or higher. To summarize, nearly 14 million new immigrants arrived in the decade ending in 2010. Most of these immigrants originated from Mexico or Asia. Most of the immigrants in the labor force as of 2010 had a high school diploma or less.
As a matter of fact, researchers found that more than 40%of the Fortune 500 companies were founded by foreign-born or their children. In Michigan, the presence of foreign-born population has contributed to the success of many Michigan-based companies and institutions such as Ford, Wipro Limited, General Motors Company, Meijer’s, the University of Michigan, Michigan State University, and Wayne State University (Immigration Policy Center, 2013).
In the largest immigrant population is house here in the United States than any other part of the world. More
In 2005, the three reports entitled Innovative America, Tapping America’s Potential, and Rising Above the Gathering Storm, argue that if the U.S. does not improve its science technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education the standard of living in the U.S. may decrease and threaten the economy and national security. The reasoning that the proponents use is that with more innovation and technological advancements, exports will increase and benefit the economy, but if there is no innovation this will harm the economy. The three reports, according to the Congressional Research Service, argue that in order to prevent these issues, we must close the academic achievement gaps in STEM, improve the quality of teachers, increase STEM labor supply, improve on international ranking assessments, produce more STEM degrees, and increase the number of H-1B visas issued. One of the most controversial subjects of the STEM movement is that companies are using H1-B visas to employ foreigners at cheaper rates rather than U.S. citizens. However, critics of the STEM movement argue that this is a strategic idea called “Brain Drain” where the U.S. is “draining” the most talented and skilled workers from other countries in order to gain an advantage on a global stage. In order for the U.S. to remain a leader in innovation and STEM education, the issue of H1-B visas needs to be addressed.
Research from the Wharton School of Business, Pennsylvania, shows that the foreign-born population has grown rapidly in recent decades, rising from less than 5 percent of the U.S. population in 1970 to 13 percent in 2013. Although immigrants comprise a larger share of population today since World War II, the foreign born share is roughly the same as in 19th century and early 20th century, where 15 percent of U.S residents were immigrants. The evidence increasingly suggests that when supply of labor is boosted by immigration, investments by firms increase to offset any reduction in capital per worker,