Acorn woodpeckers (Melanerpes formicivorus) stash acornsin storage holes they drill in trees. When these woodpeckersbreed, the offspring from previous years often help withparental duties. Activities of these nonbreeding helpers includeincubating eggs and defending stashed acorns. Propose somequestions about the proximate and ultimate causation of thesebehaviors that a behavioral biologist could ask.

Question

Acorn woodpeckers (Melanerpes formicivorus) stash acorns
in storage holes they drill in trees. When these woodpeckers
breed, the offspring from previous years often help with
parental duties. Activities of these nonbreeding helpers include
incubating eggs and defending stashed acorns. Propose some
questions about the proximate and ultimate causation of these
behaviors that a behavioral biologist could ask.

Expert Answer

Want to see the step-by-step answer?

Check out a sample Q&A here.

Want to see this answer and more?

Experts are waiting 24/7 to provide step-by-step solutions in as fast as 30 minutes!*

*Response times may vary by subject and question complexity. Median response time is 34 minutes for paid subscribers and may be longer for promotional offers.
Tagged in
Science
Biology

Zoology

Related Biology Q&A

Find answers to questions asked by students like you.

Q: What distinguishes the ecosystem created by cultivated plants from natural ecosystems?

A: An ecosystem is short for an ecological system where a large community of living things come togethe...

Q: Given the steps shown below, which of the following is the correct sequence for transmission at a ch...

A: Synaptic transmission is the process by which a signal travels through neurons. It involves the rele...

Q: 10. A area where the sun barely rises during winter. A. coniferous forest biome is a cold, dry B. te...

A: Biome: It is a collection of plants and animals which contain the same characteristic for an environ...

Q: Which of the following statements correctly describes the role of aldosterone? a. Aldosterone trigge...

A: BASIC INFORMATION  HORMONES  They are considered as the chemical messenger of our body. The glands w...

Q: types or amounts of organelles to accomplish these different functions. The first column of th table...

A: Cell is the basic membrane-bound unit that contains the fundamental molecules of life and of which a...

Q: Your friend remarks, "The giraffe stretched its neck while reaching for higher leaves; as a result, ...

A: Evolution is defined as the change in a trait of an individual over a period of time. 

Q: We use a NanoDrop spectrophotometer to analyze plasmid DNA obtained from miniprep. What information ...

A: Spectrophotometer is defined as an instrument where it is used to measure the concentration of the s...

Q: Question 9 0/1 pts Characteristics of Mineral #5: can be black, brown, silvery gray, or earthy red, ...

A: Correct option is D- Hematite Because the streak found in hematite is red brown in colour  which doe...

Q: Which among the general tests for alkaloids can be used as a visualizing agent in detecting alkaloid...

A: Visualizing agents are the colored substances used to detect the colorless substance. There are phys...

Q: Explain thoroughly the Inca Empire and the different techniques they used to control and clean water...

A: The Incas built the canals on steady grades, using cut stones as the water channels. Most citizens w...

Q: When Ras is activated, cells will divide. A dominant-negative form of Ras clings too tightly to GDP....

A: The activation of Ras takes place along the guanine nucleotide exchange which by releasing the bound...

Q: After brain surgery, a patient receiving postoperative care in an ICU began to pass large volumes of...

A: Given: The patient passes a large amount of diluted urine. A hormone is administered as medicine.

Q: The Taomanian tiger ahown is extinct Which sentence best describes what this means? (SC.5.L.15.1) O ...

A: The name thylacine roughly translates (from the Greek via Latin) as ‘dog-headed pouched one’. The wo...

Q: If the fish on only one side of the island are dying, what will happen to the population dispersion ...

A: Under natural conditions, organisms are distributed either by active movements, or migrations, or by...

Q: Compare and contrast the characteristics and habitats of methanogens, sulfur- and sulfate-reducing b...

A: Bacteria are prokaryotic organisms found almost in all places on the planet playing an important rol...

Q: Bodybuilders that take anabolic steroids such as androstenedione and testosterone often suffer from ...

A: anabolic steroids are those that helps in body building and shows the effcet of testosterone . it he...

Q: Compare the origin and function of reptile scales, bird feathers, and mammal hair. How are they simi...

A: Phylum Chordata/vertebrates involves multicellular organisms that have an internal skeleton, with mu...

Q: Which of the options listed below could represent the genotypes of an organism? * O Tall, red O Tt, ...

A: An individual's genotype with reference to a specific gene of interest and therefore the combination...

Q: 4. In goats, a recessive gene causes the goats to "faint" when they are startled. A farmer has a goa...

A: A dominant gene will express even when one copy of the gene is present. A recessive gene on the othe...

Q: Circle the correct word or phrase in each bracketed region to complete a correct statement. Crispr/...

A: CRISPR gene editing CRISPR is Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeat. It is a tech...

Q: Direction: For each of the five examples below, give the name of the isolating mechanism and specify...

A: Reproductive isolation is defined as the collection of various processes, mechanical, physiological,...

Q: Regarding turbidity, which of the following statements is true? Group of answer choices Decreased ba...

A: Population number or mass can be determined to measure microbial growth. Cell mass can be determined...

Q: What caused the muscle fatigue you experience with each successive trial?  Depletion of actin in the...

A: As per our honor code, we are authorized to answer one question at a time, since you have not mentio...

Q: A researcher is studying the effects of a novel cancer drug on cell division and comparing the new d...

A: Mitotic index It is defined as the ratio of the total number of cells of a specific population that ...

Q: Which step is NOT included in the technique called Southern blotting? O a. visualization by autoradi...

A: Southern blotting is a laboratory procedure that is used to detect a specific DNA sequence in a part...

Q: Which of the following is NOT a feature of a pathogenicity island? O They cannot be acquired through...

A: Pathogens are the organisms which upon entering in to the  host causes infectious diseases.

Q: Which of the following statements is NOT part of the cell theory? a. All organisms are composed of...

A: The cell was discovered by Robert Hooke in the year 1665 while observing the cork of plants. In the ...

Q: Nematode worms and annelid worms share which of the following features?     presence of a circulato...

A: 5 kingdom classifications is a type of classification in which living organisms are classified into ...

Q: Queen Victoria was the world's most famous carrier of hemophilia. Her son, Leopold, and two carrier ...

A: Hemophilia is a sex-linked disorder and the genes affected is carried on the X chromosome and male i...

Q: How does population size affect the likelihood of changes in allele frequencies by chance alone? Can...

A: Genetic drift refers to a mechanism of evolution by which the gene pool of a population changes rand...

Q: 4 6. 1. The stickleback would swim from the ocean up to fresh water lakes to spawn (lay eggs). When ...

A: As you have not mentioned which question to answer, so we are answering question number 1 for you. S...

Q: Heat exchange with the environment depends on the surface area-to-volume ratio of the body. Assuming...

A: Heat exchange with the environment depends on the surface area-to-volume ratio of the body. Assuming...

Q: What is the correct order of information flow in bacterial and eukaryotic cells? (a) DNA →mRNA →prot...

A: Introduction: Genes are sets of nucleotides that codes for a specific macromolecule. The genes have ...

Q: Birds are the only modern amniotes with ____. a. ​wings b. ​a four-chambered heart c. ​feathers d. ​...

A: Answer given below

Q: Darwin called the process by which humans have produced broccoli from wild mustard and the French po...

A:   Darwin called the process by which humans have produced broccoli from wild mustard and the French ...

Q: Match the feature or characteristic to the hominin group in which they are found. Not all answers wi...

A: The genus of animals belonging to the family Hominidae is known as hominin. Hominin includes modern ...

Q: Phosphoglycerate kinase shows induced fit resulting from the binding of both substrates to form the ...

A: Phosphoglycerate kinase is a glycolysis enzyme that catalyses the seventh reaction in the ten-step m...

Q: What alga does a trypanosome superficially resemble?

A: The living world has a large diversity The living organisms are classified into different groups bas...

Q: The agent of gas gangrene is classified as an based on its oxygen sensitivity so in addition to anti...

A: The death of the body tissue is referred to as gangrene. Gas gangrene is a form of gangrene caused b...

Q: The Image shows four fossils found in varlous layers of rock. Fossil A Fossil B Fossil C Fossil D ro...

A: Fossils are the evidences for the history of the life on earth, the remains of a organism or any liv...

Q: In a theoretical population, the frequency of the B1 allele is 0.6, and the frequency of the B2 alle...

A: According to the Hardy -Weinberg law, the frequency of a genotype follows the equation p² + 2pq + q²...

Q: What is the function of the stalk? The blade? The pinnae?

A: The leaves of the ferns are the fronds. They are characterized as a large and divided leaves. They c...

Q: Stroop Test What effect does the physiological response to Stroop interference would have on the ci...

A: The Stroop Test is a neuropsychological test extensively used to assess the ability to inhibit cogni...

Q: How do covalent bonds differ from hydrogen bonds? Define base complementarity (refer to implementati...

A: The stable attraction between atom, molecules or ions are called chemical bonds. Molecules and compo...

Q: 6. Fade the lobes of the liver in order to see the right and left hepatic ducts. Locate the common h...

A: Answer 6 

Q: Draw a diagram of the animal’s diploid chromosome movement during abnormal meiosis in which chromoso...

A: Cell division is one of the most fundamental characteristic of life. This is the method which enable...

Q: A spinal reflex requires the participation of each of the following except:a. cerebral cortexb. sens...

A: A spinal reflex is a form of animal behavior in which the stimulation of sensory organs or receptors...

Q: A true breeding plant that produces yellow seeds is crossed with a true breeding plant that produces...

A: If the alleles of a gene are different , one allele will  be expressed and said to be dominant , whi...

Q: What kind of diseases are studied using genome-wide association studies? a. viral diseases b. single...

A: Genome-wide association studies are used in genetic research in order to associate specific genetic ...

Q: Q4.18. Recall Grime's life history classification, shown in simplifi form in the figure below. In so...

A: The reaction of ruderals to urban environments resulted in the proliferation of a large number of wi...