By May 14 two people living in the same household had died within 5 days of each other. Their illnesses were characterized by abrupt onset of fever, muscle pain, headache, and cough, followed by the rapid development of respiratory failure. By the end of the year, 36 cases of this disease, with a 50% mortality rate, had been confirmed. A member of the Orthomyxoviridae, Bunyaviridae, or Adenoviridae could cause this disease.a. Differentiate among these families by:    i. Method of transmission    ii. Morphology    iii. Nucleic Acid    iv. Type of replicationb. The reservoir for this disease is mice. Name this disease.

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Asked Dec 1, 2019
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By May 14 two people living in the same household had died within 5 days of each other. Their illnesses were characterized by abrupt onset of fever, muscle pain, headache, and cough, followed by the rapid development of respiratory failure. By the end of the year, 36 cases of this disease, with a 50% mortality rate, had been confirmed. A member of the Orthomyxoviridae, Bunyaviridae, or Adenoviridae could cause this disease.

a. Differentiate among these families by:

    i. Method of transmission

    ii. Morphology

    iii. Nucleic Acid

    iv. Type of replication

b. The reservoir for this disease is mice. Name this disease.

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Expert Answer

Step 1

The virus is the small infectious agent that replicates only inside the living cells of an organism. It can infect all types of life forms from animals and plants to micro-organism including bacteria and archaea.

Step 2

The difference between the Orthomyxoviridae, Bunyaviridae, or Adenoviridae in terms of method of transmissio...

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Orthomyxoviridae (Influenza virus) Description Bunyaviridae (Bunya virus and(Adenovinus) Hanta virus) Adenoviridae Mode of transmission bome Respiratory arthropods secretion by aerosol. Respiratory secretion by aerosolthrough Vector and rodents Spherical and Icosachedral or Spherical enveloped virus and Morphology filamentous enveloped non virus enveloped virus. DNA Nucleic acid RNA RNA Replicates in host Replicates in host Replicates with Type of replication in viacells RNA epithelial cells of host cells hemagglutinin polymerase enzyme

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