Asked Oct 27, 2019

Compare the direction of DNA replication, transcription, and translation in term how to read
the template and how the new product is synthesized.


Expert Answer

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Step 1

The central dogma is when DNA makes RNA and RNA make protein. The process by which DNA is copied to RNA is called transcription and RNA form protein is called translation.


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Transcription Translation DNA MRNA Protein

Step 2

DNA replication requires a free 3’ hydroxyl group before synthesis can be initiated. The DNA template is read in 3’ to 5’ direction whereas a new strand is synthesized in the 5’ to 3’ direction.

The antisense strand of DNA is read by RNA polymerase from the 3’ end to 5’ end during transcription. The complementary RNA is created in the opposite directio...

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