# Goddard Company has used the FIFO method of inventory valuation since it began operations in 2013. Goddard decided to change to the average cost method for determining inventory costs at the beginning of 2016. The following schedule shows year-end inventory balances under the FIFO and average cost methods: Year FIFO Average Cost 2013 \$45,000 \$54,000 2014 78,000 71,000 2015 83,000 78,000 Required: 1. Ignoring income taxes, prepare the 2016 journal entry to adjust the accounts to reflect the average cost method. 2. How much higher or lower would cost of goods sold be in the 2015 revised income statement?

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Asked Jan 27, 2020
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Goddard Company has used the FIFO method of inventory valuation since it began operations in 2013. Goddard decided to change to the average cost method for determining inventory costs at the beginning of 2016. The following schedule shows year-end inventory balances under the FIFO and average cost methods: Year FIFO Average Cost 2013 \$45,000 \$54,000 2014 78,000 71,000 2015 83,000 78,000 Required: 1. Ignoring income taxes, prepare the 2016 journal entry to adjust the accounts to reflect the average cost method. 2. How much higher or lower would cost of goods sold be in the 2015 revised income statement?

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Step 1

Method of Inventory: Inventory refers to the current assets that a company expects to sell during the normal course of business operations, the goods that are under process to be completed for future sale, or currently used for producing goods to be sold in the market. Inventory is valued under three methods:

FIFO: Under this inventory method, the units that are purchased first, are sold first. Thus, it starts from the selling of the beginning inventory, followed by the units purchased in a chronological order of their purchases took place during a particular period.

LIFO: Under this inventory method, the units that are purchased last, are sold first. Thus, it starts from the selling of the units recently purchased and ending with the beginning inventory.

Average cost method: Under this method, the cost of the goods available for sale is divided by the number of units available for sale during a particular period.

Step 2

1.

Prepare the 2016 journal entry to adjust the acco...

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