Question
Asked Mar 7, 2020
10 views

 Highlight the similarities and differences between mitosis and meiosis.

 What is the relevance of meiosis?

check_circle

Expert Answer

Step 1

Cell division is the process by which a parent cell divides into two or more daughter cells. Cell division is of two types mitosis and meiosis. 

Step 2

The similarities between the mitosis and meiosis are:

  1. both produce new cells
  2. both follow the same steps: prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase.
  3. both begin with one parent cell.

The differences between mitosis and meiosis are:

Mitosis Meiosis
Occurs in all organisms, except viruses Only occurs in animals, plants, and fungi
Creates body/somatic cells Creates body/somatic cells
One cell division ( 4 stages total) Two cell divisions (8 stages total)
No recombination/crossing over in prophase Recombination/crossing over of chromosomes during prophase I
During metaphase, individual chromosomes line up on cell’s equator During metaphase I, pairs of chromosomes line up on cell’s equator
During anaphase, sister chromatids move to opposite ends of the cell
During anaphase I, sister chromatids move together to the same cell pole.
During anaphase II, sister chromatids are separated to opposite ends of the cell
End result: two daughter cells
End...

Want to see the full answer?

See Solution

Check out a sample Q&A here.

Want to see this answer and more?

Solutions are written by subject experts who are available 24/7. Questions are typically answered within 1 hour.*

See Solution
*Response times may vary by subject and question.

Related Biology Q&A

Find answers to questions asked by student like you
Show more Q&A
add
question_answer

Q: Give an explanation for these results based on what you know about the anatomical structure of E. co...

A: Escherichia coli is a rod shaped, Gram-negative bacteria. They are non-spore forming bacteria which ...

question_answer

Q: 1) Why can cell membranes be polar? What does polar mean? 2) What are the basic cytoskeletal compone...

A: The cell membrane is also known as a plasma membrane. It is made up of phospholipid bilayer having b...

question_answer

Q: What are the key academic writing styles and why are they important?

A: Academic writing acts as a tool of communication that conveys acquired knowledge in a specific field...

question_answer

Q: Starch Hydrolysis: Suppose you could selectively prevent production of α-amylase or oligo 1,6 glucos...

A: Starch hydrolysis test is a method to detect whether the organism is able to digest complex substanc...

question_answer

Q: which nerve plexus controls the diaphragm (breathing muscle)?   Which plexus contains the sciatic ne...

A: A nerve plexus is a branching network of intersecting nerves. It is composed of afferent and efferen...

question_answer

Q: 43) "Heat shock" is an effective means of.....

A: When a foreign DNA is introduced into a cell or a cell ingests a foreign DNA, this process is termed...

question_answer

Q: Translate the following mRNA nucleotide sequence into an amino acid sequence, starting at the second...

A: The mRNA (messenger ribonucleic acid) is synthesized from a DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) template. Th...

question_answer

Q: if you've taken 200 ul of plasma and added 800 ul of distilled water, you have achieved what dilutio...

A: The process that involve addition of solvents to a solution that reduces the solute concentration is...

question_answer

Q: Can you please do number 1 and show the steps

A: The metric system is an internationally recognised decimalised system of measurement. It is in wides...