1 Chemical Foundations 2 Atoms, Molecules, And Ions 3 Stoichiometry 4 Types Of Chemical Reactions And Solution Stoichiometry 5 Gases 6 Thermochemistry 7 Atomic Structure And Periodicity 8 Bonding: General Concepts 9 Covalent Bonding: Orbitals 10 Liquids And Solids 11 Properties Of Solutions 12 Chemical Kinetics 13 Chemical Equilibrium 14 Acids And Bases 15 Acid-base Equilibria 16 Solubility And Complex Ion Equilibria 17 Spontaneity, Entropy, And Free Energy 18 Electrochemistry 19 The Nucleus: A Chemist's View 20 The Representative Elements 21 Transition Metals And Coordination Chemistry 22 Organic And Biological Molecules expand_more

Chapter Questions expand_more

Problem 1RQ: What is a hydrocarbon? What is the difference between a saturated hydrocarbon and an unsaturated... Problem 2RQ Problem 3RQ: What are aromatic hydrocarbons? Benzene exhibits resonance. Explain. What are the bond angles in... Problem 4RQ: Summarize the nomenclature rules for alkanes, alkenes, alkynes, and aromatic compounds. Correct the... Problem 5RQ: What functional group distinguishes each of the following hydrocarbon derivatives? a.... Problem 6RQ: Distinguish between isomerism and resonance. Distinguish between structural and geometric isomerism.... Problem 7RQ Problem 8RQ Problem 9RQ Problem 10RQ Problem 11RQ Problem 12RQ: Describe the structural differences between DNA and RNA. The monomers in nucleic acids are called... Problem 1Q Problem 2Q Problem 3Q Problem 4Q Problem 5Q Problem 6Q Problem 7Q Problem 8Q: Give an example reaction that would yield the following products. Name the organic reactant and... Problem 9Q Problem 10Q Problem 11Q Problem 12Q Problem 13E Problem 14E Problem 15E: Draw all the structural isomers for C8H18 that have the following root name (longest carbon chain).... Problem 16E: Draw all the structural isomers for C8H18 that have the following root name (longest carbon chain).... Problem 17E Problem 18E Problem 19E: Draw the structural formula for each of the following. a. 3-isobutylhexane b.... Problem 20E Problem 21E Problem 22E: Name each of the following cyclic alkanes, and indicate the formula of the compound. a. b. c. Problem 23E Problem 24E: Draw the structures for two examples of unsaturated hydrocarbons. What structural feature makes a... Problem 25E: Name each of the following alkenes. a. CH2 = CH CH2 CH3 b. c. Problem 26E: Name each of the following alkenes or alkynes. a. b. c. Problem 27E Problem 28E: Give the structure for each of the following. a. 4-methyl-1-pentyne b. 2,3,3-trimethyl-1-hexene c.... Problem 29E Problem 30E: Cumene is the starting material for the industrial production of acetone and phenol. The structure... Problem 31E: Name each of the following. a. b. CH3CH2CH2CCl3 c. d. CH2FCH2F Problem 32E Problem 33E: There is only one compound that is named 1,2-dichloroethane, but there are two distinct compounds... Problem 34E Problem 35E Problem 36E Problem 37E: Draw all the structural isomers of C5H10. Ignore any cyclic isomers. Problem 38E Problem 39E: Draw all the structural and geometrical (cistrans) isomers of C3H5Cl. Problem 40E: Draw all the structural and geometrical (cistrans) isomers of bromochloropropene. Problem 41E: Draw all structural and geometrical (cistrans) isomers of C4H7F. Ignore any cyclic isomers. Problem 42E Problem 43E Problem 44E Problem 45E: If one hydrogen in a hydrocarbon is replaced by a halogen atom, the number of isomers that exist for... Problem 46E: There are three isomers of dichlorobenzene, one of which has now replaced naphthalene as the main... Problem 47E: Identify each of the following compounds as a carboxylic acid, ester, ketone, aldehyde, or amine. a.... Problem 48E Problem 49E: Mimosine is a natural product found in large quantities in the seeds and foliage of some legume... Problem 50E: Minoxidil (C9H15N5O) is a compound produced by Pharmacia Company that has been approved as a... Problem 51E: For each of the following alcohols, give the systematic name and specify whether the alcohol is... Problem 52E Problem 53E Problem 54E Problem 55E Problem 56E Problem 57E Problem 58E Problem 59E Problem 60E Problem 61E Problem 62E Problem 63E Problem 64E Problem 65E Problem 66E Problem 67E Problem 68E Problem 69E Problem 70E Problem 71E Problem 72E Problem 73E: Super glue contains methyl cyanoacrylate, which readily polymerizes upon exposure to traces of water... Problem 74E Problem 75E Problem 76E Problem 77E Problem 78E Problem 79E Problem 80E Problem 81E Problem 82E Problem 83E Problem 84E Problem 85E: Aspartame, the artificial sweetener marketed under the name NutraSweet, is a methyl ester of a... Problem 86E Problem 87E Problem 88E: Draw the structures of the tripeptides glyalaser and serala-gly. How many other tripeptides are... Problem 89E Problem 90E Problem 91E: Give an example of amino acids that could give rise to the interactions pictured in Fig. 21-24 that... Problem 92E: What types of interactions can occur between the side chains of the following amino acids that would... Problem 93E Problem 94E Problem 95E Problem 96E Problem 97E Problem 98E Problem 99E Problem 100E Problem 101E Problem 102E Problem 103E Problem 104E Problem 105E Problem 106E Problem 107E Problem 108E Problem 109E: The base sequences in mRNA that code for certain amino acids are Glu: GAA, GAG Val: GUU, GUC, GUA,... Problem 110E Problem 111AE Problem 112AE Problem 113AE Problem 114AE Problem 115AE Problem 116AE Problem 117AE: Explain why methyl alcohol is soluble in water in all proportions, while stearyl alcohol... Problem 118AE Problem 119AE Problem 120AE Problem 121AE Problem 122AE Problem 123AE Problem 124AE Problem 125AE Problem 126AE Problem 127AE Problem 128AE Problem 129AE Problem 130AE: a. Use bond energies (see Table 3-3) to estimate H for the reaction of two molecules of glycine to... Problem 131AE Problem 132AE Problem 133AE: All amino acids have at least two functional groups with acidic or basic properties. In alanine, the... Problem 134AE Problem 135AE Problem 136AE: In glycine, the carboxylic acid group has Ka = 4.3 103 and the amino group has Kb = 6.0 105. Use... Problem 137CWP: Name each of the following alkanes. a. CH3CH2CH2CH2CH3 b. c. Problem 138CWP Problem 139CWP: Name each of the following cyclic alkanes. a. b. c. d. Problem 140CWP: Name each of the following alkenes and alkynes. a. b. c. d. e. f. Problem 141CWP: a. Name each of the following alcohols. b. Name each of the following alcohols, including the... Problem 142CWP Problem 143CWP Problem 144CWP Problem 145CP Problem 146CP Problem 147CP Problem 148CP: Consider a sample of a hydrocarbon at 0.959 atm and 298 K. Upon combusting the entire sample in... Problem 149CP Problem 150CP Problem 151CP Problem 152CP Problem 153CP Problem 154CP Problem 155CP Problem 156CP: Alcohols are very useful starting materials for the production of many different compounds. The... Problem 157CP: A chemical breathalyzer test works because ethanol in the breath is oxidized by the dichromate ion... Problem 158CP: Estradiol is a female hormone with the following structure: How many chiral carbon atoms are in... Problem 159IP Problem 160IP Problem 161MP Problem 162MP format_list_bulleted