The J.R. Ryland Computer Company is considering a plant expansion to enable the company to begin production of a new computer product. The company’s president must determine whether to make the expansion a medium or largescale project. Demand for the new product is uncertain, which for planning purposes may be low demand, medium demand, or high demand. The probability estimates for demand are 0.20, 0.10, and 0.70, respectively. Letting x and y indicate the annual profit in thousands of dollars, the firm’s planners developed the following profit forecasts for the medium and largescale expansion projects.
MediumScale Expansion Profit  LargeScale Expansion Profit  
x  f(x)  y  f(y)  
Demand  Low  50  0.20  0  0.20  
Medium  150  0.10  100  0.10  
High  200  0.70  300  0.70 
(a)  Compute the expected value for the profit associated with the two expansion alternatives. Round your answers to whole numbers, if needed.  


Which decision is preferred for the objective of maximizing the expected profit?  
 Select your answer MediumScaleLargeScaleItem 3  
(b)  Compute the variance for the profit associated with the two expansion alternatives. Round your answers to whole numbers, if needed.  


Which decision is preferred for the objective of minimizing the risk or uncertainty?  
 Select your answer MediumScaleLargeScaleItem 6 
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