College Physics

1st Edition

ISBN: 9781938168000

Author: Paul Peter Urone, Roger Hinrichs

Publisher: OpenStax College

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Question

What is the direction of the electric field at point P given the charges shown below? Note, the charges all have equal magnitude. See slide "Review question #4" for pictures of arrows described in answers.

Down and to the right (more to the right than down)

Equally down and to the right

Equally up and to the right

Equally down and to the left

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How would you determine whether the charge on a particular rod is positive or negative?

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Three equal positive charges q are at the comers of an equilateral triangle of side a as shown in Figure P19.28. Assume the three charges together create an electric field. (a) Sketch the field lines in the plane of the charges. (b) Find the location of one point (other than ) where the electric field is zero. What are (c) the magnitude and (d) the direction of the electric field at P due to the two charges at the base?

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Two point charges attract each other with an electric force of magnitude F. If the charge on one of the particles is reduced to one-third its original value and the distance between the particles is doubled, what is the resulting magnitude of the electric force between them? (a) 112F (b) 13F (c) 16F (d) 34F (e) 32F

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The dome of a Van de Graaff generator receives a charge of 2.0 104 C. Find the strength of the electric field (a) inside the dome, (b) at the surface of the dome, assuming it has a radius of 1.0 m, and (c) 4.0 in front the center of the dome. Hint: See Section 15.5 to review properties of conductors in electrostatic equilibrium. Also, note that the points on the surface are outside a spherically symmetric charge distribution; the total charge may be considered to be located at the center of the sphere.

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Figure 18.44 shows an electric field extending over three regions, labeled I, II, and III. Answer the fallowing questions, (a) Are there any isolated charges? If so, in what region and what are their signs? (b) Where is the field strongest? (c) Where is it weakest? (d) Where is the field the most uniform?

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Review. Two insulating spheres have radii 0.300 cm and 0.500 cm, masses 0.100 kg and 0.700 kg, and uniformly distributed charges 2.00 C and 3.00 C. They are released from rest when their centers are separated by 1.00 m. (a) How fast will each be moving when they collide? (b) What If? If the spheres were conductors, would the speeds be greater or less than those calculated in part (a)? Explain.

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(a) What is the direction of the total Coulomb force on q in Figure 18.46 if q is negative, qa= qcand both are negative, and qb= qcand both are positive? (b) What is the direction of the electric field at the center of the square in this situation?

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If the electric field at a point on the line between two charges is zero, what do you know about the charges?

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The dome of a Van de Graaff generator receives a charge of 2.0 104 C. Find the strength of the electric field (a) inside the dome, (b) at the surface of the dome, assuming it has a radius of 1.0 m, and (c) 4.0 in front the center of the dome. Hint: See Section 15.5 to review properties of conductors in electrostatic equilibrium. Also, note that the points on the surface are outside a spherically symmetric charge distribution; the total charge may be considered to be located at the center of the sphere.

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Figure 24.10 shows a source that consists of two charged particles. a. What is the sign of the charge on each particle? b. In which region (A, B, or C) is the electric field the weakest? c. In which region (A, B, or C) is the electric field the strongest? FIGURE 24.10

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Integrated Concepts An electron has an initial velocity of 5.00106m/s in a uniform 2.00105N/C strength electric field. the field accelerates the electron in the direction opposite to its initial velocity. (a) What is the direction of the electric field? (b) How far does the electron travel before coming to rest? (c) How long does it take the electron to come to rest? (d) What is the electron’s velocity when it returns to its starting point?

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The electric field at a point on the perpendicular bisector of a charged rod was calculated as the first example of a continuous charge distribution, resulting in Equation 24.15:E=kQy12+y2j a. Find an expression for the electric field when the rod is infinitely long. b. An infinitely long rod with uniform linear charge density also contains an infinite amount of charge. Explain why this still produces an electric field near the rod that is finite.

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