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Asked Oct 29, 2019
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What is the ploidy in parent cells in mitosis and meiosis?

What is the ploidy of daughter cells in mitosis and meiosis?

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Expert Answer

Step 1

 

Ploidy means the number of chromosomes sets in the cell. Eukaryotes have a single set i.e. haploid or two sets diploid. Some organisms have more than two sets of chromosomes i.e. polyploid.

Step 2

Mitosis

Mitosis generally occurs in somatic cells. In mitosis one cell divide into two new cells. Each of the new cells contains one complete set of each original pair of chromosomes. Each of the two new cells contains the diploid number of chromosomes. 

 

Meiosis

Meiosis occurs only in gametocyte stages of the germ cells. Two cell divisions result in four new cells. Each of four new cells receives only one chromosome set of each original pair of chromosomes present in the primary gametocyte. Each of the four new cells contains the haploid number of chromosomes.

 

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