Question
Asked Nov 11, 2019
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When constructing a phylogenetic tree, what problem would horizontal gene transfer pose?

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Expert Answer

Step 1

Phylogenetic tree:

It is also known as dendrogram. It is a diagram that shows the evolutionary association in a group of organisms that is derived from a mutual ancestral form. Phylogenetic trees provide a suitable method for knowing the phylogenetic relationships.

Step 2

Horizontal Gene Transfer:

Horizontal gene transfer is also known as HGT. It is the transfer of the genetic material that takes place from one species to another by the different mechanisms rather than the normal vertical transmission from parent(s) to the offspring.

HGT permits the far associated species to share the genes which influence their phenotypes.

HGT is thought to be more widespread in prokaryotes than the eukaryotes. But the fact is only approximate 2% of the prokaryotic genome might be transferred by this process.

 

Step 3

During the construction of a phylogenetic tree, the horizontal gene transfer might pose the following problem:

If this phenomenon is considered more systematically, then it might be known to be more common.

Many evolutionists hypothesize a chief role of HGT in evolution which complicates the simple phylogenetic tree model.

According to several scientists, the complication in phylogenetic tree happens because HGT and mutation serves as a significant source of genetic variatio...

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