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Chemistry

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9781133611097

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9781133611097
Textbook Problem

In the Haber process for the production of ammonia,

N 2 ( g ) +3H 2 ( g ) 2 NH 3 ( g )

what is the relationship between the rate of production of ammonia and the rate of consumption of hydrogen?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: the Haber process for the production of ammonia is given. The relationship between the rate of production of ammonia and the rate of consumption of hydrogen is to be stated.

Concept introduction: The rate of a reaction is defined as the decrease in the concentration of a reactant or the increase in the concentration of the product per unit time.

Explanation

To determine: A relationship between the rate of production of ammonia and the rate of consumption of hydrogen.

Given

The stated reaction is,

N2(g)+3H2(g)2NH3(g)

The rate of a reaction is calculated by the formula,

Rateofreaction=DecreaseintheconcentrationofthereactantChangeintime=IncreaseintheconcentrationoftheproductChangeintime

The rate of consumption of hydrogen is calculated by the formula,

RateofconsumptionofH2=DecreaseintheconcentrationofH2Changeintime=13Δ[H2]Δt

The negative sign indicates the decrease in the concentration

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