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Multivariable Calculus

8th Edition
James Stewart
ISBN: 9781305266643

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Multivariable Calculus

8th Edition
James Stewart
ISBN: 9781305266643
Textbook Problem

Two particles travel along the space curves

r1 (t) = ⟨t, t2, t3r2 (t) = ⟨1 + 2t, 1 + 6t, 1 + 14t

Do the particles collide? Do their paths intersect?

To determine

To find: Whether the vector functions of particles collide and whether paths of particles intersect.

Explanation

Given data:

The vector functions of two particles as r1(t)=t,t2,t3 and r2(t)=1+2t,1+6t,1+14t .

Equate the components of vector equations of two particles and find the value of parameter t. If the determined value of t satisfies all the equated expressions, then the particles collide at that point.

Equate the vector functions of two particles.

r1(t)=r2(t)

Substitute t,t2,t3 for r1(t) and 1+2t,1+6t,1+14t for r2(t) ,

t,t2,t3=1+2t,1+6t,1+14t

Equate each component.

t=1+2t (1)

t2=1+6t

t26t1=0 (2)

t3=1+14tt314t1=0

Solve equation (1).

2tt+1=0t+1=0t=1

Therefore, the value of t is either –1.

Substitute –1 for t in equation (2),

(1)26(1)1=01+61=060

The value of LHS is not equal to RHS. Hence equation is not satisfied at t=1 .

Therefore, the particles do not collide at t=1 .

Equate the components of equation r1(t)=r2(s) and find the value of s. If determined value of s satisfies the equations, then the particle do intersect at that point.

Equate the vector functions r1(t)=r2(s) .

t,t2,t3=1+2s,1+6s,1+14s

Equate the components on both sides of equation

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Chapter 13 Solutions

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Sect-13.1 P-11ESect-13.1 P-12ESect-13.1 P-13ESect-13.1 P-14ESect-13.1 P-15ESect-13.1 P-16ESect-13.1 P-17ESect-13.1 P-18ESect-13.1 P-19ESect-13.1 P-20ESect-13.1 P-21ESect-13.1 P-22ESect-13.1 P-23ESect-13.1 P-24ESect-13.1 P-25ESect-13.1 P-26ESect-13.1 P-27ESect-13.1 P-28ESect-13.1 P-29ESect-13.1 P-30ESect-13.1 P-31ESect-13.1 P-32ESect-13.1 P-38ESect-13.1 P-39ESect-13.1 P-40ESect-13.1 P-41ESect-13.1 P-42ESect-13.1 P-43ESect-13.1 P-44ESect-13.1 P-45ESect-13.1 P-46ESect-13.1 P-49ESect-13.1 P-50ESect-13.1 P-53ESect-13.2 P-1ESect-13.2 P-2ESect-13.2 P-3ESect-13.2 P-4ESect-13.2 P-5ESect-13.2 P-6ESect-13.2 P-7ESect-13.2 P-8ESect-13.2 P-9ESect-13.2 P-10ESect-13.2 P-11ESect-13.2 P-12ESect-13.2 P-13ESect-13.2 P-14ESect-13.2 P-15ESect-13.2 P-16ESect-13.2 P-17ESect-13.2 P-18ESect-13.2 P-19ESect-13.2 P-20ESect-13.2 P-21ESect-13.2 P-22ESect-13.2 P-23ESect-13.2 P-24ESect-13.2 P-25ESect-13.2 P-26ESect-13.2 P-27ESect-13.2 P-28ESect-13.2 P-29ESect-13.2 P-30ESect-13.2 P-31ESect-13.2 P-32ESect-13.2 P-33ESect-13.2 P-34ESect-13.2 P-35ESect-13.2 P-36ESect-13.2 P-37ESect-13.2 P-38ESect-13.2 P-39ESect-13.2 P-40ESect-13.2 P-41ESect-13.2 P-42ESect-13.2 P-43ESect-13.2 P-44ESect-13.2 P-45ESect-13.2 P-46ESect-13.2 P-47ESect-13.2 P-48ESect-13.2 P-49ESect-13.2 P-50ESect-13.2 P-51ESect-13.2 P-52ESect-13.2 P-53ESect-13.2 P-54ESect-13.2 P-55ESect-13.2 P-56ESect-13.2 P-57ESect-13.2 P-58ESect-13.3 P-1ESect-13.3 P-2ESect-13.3 P-3ESect-13.3 P-4ESect-13.3 P-5ESect-13.3 P-6ESect-13.3 P-7ESect-13.3 P-8ESect-13.3 P-9ESect-13.3 P-10ESect-13.3 P-11ESect-13.3 P-12ESect-13.3 P-13ESect-13.3 P-14ESect-13.3 P-15ESect-13.3 P-16ESect-13.3 P-17ESect-13.3 P-18ESect-13.3 P-19ESect-13.3 P-20ESect-13.3 P-21ESect-13.3 P-22ESect-13.3 P-23ESect-13.3 P-24ESect-13.3 P-25ESect-13.3 P-26ESect-13.3 P-27ESect-13.3 P-28ESect-13.3 P-29ESect-13.3 P-30ESect-13.3 P-31ESect-13.3 P-32ESect-13.3 P-33ESect-13.3 P-38ESect-13.3 P-39ESect-13.3 P-42ESect-13.3 P-43ESect-13.3 P-44ESect-13.3 P-45ESect-13.3 P-46ESect-13.3 P-47ESect-13.3 P-48ESect-13.3 P-49ESect-13.3 P-50ESect-13.3 P-53ESect-13.3 P-55ESect-13.3 P-56ESect-13.3 P-58ESect-13.3 P-59ESect-13.3 P-60ESect-13.3 P-62ESect-13.3 P-63ESect-13.3 P-64ESect-13.3 P-65ESect-13.3 P-66ESect-13.3 P-67ESect-13.4 P-1ESect-13.4 P-3ESect-13.4 P-4ESect-13.4 P-5ESect-13.4 P-6ESect-13.4 P-7ESect-13.4 P-8ESect-13.4 P-9ESect-13.4 P-10ESect-13.4 P-11ESect-13.4 P-12ESect-13.4 P-13ESect-13.4 P-14ESect-13.4 P-15ESect-13.4 P-16ESect-13.4 P-19ESect-13.4 P-20ESect-13.4 P-21ESect-13.4 P-22ESect-13.4 P-23ESect-13.4 P-24ESect-13.4 P-25ESect-13.4 P-26ESect-13.4 P-27ESect-13.4 P-28ESect-13.4 P-29ESect-13.4 P-30ESect-13.4 P-31ESect-13.4 P-32ESect-13.4 P-34ESect-13.4 P-35ESect-13.4 P-36ESect-13.4 P-37ESect-13.4 P-38ESect-13.4 P-39ESect-13.4 P-40ESect-13.4 P-41ESect-13.4 P-42ESect-13.4 P-44ESect-13.4 P-45ESect-13.4 P-46ECh-13 P-1RCCCh-13 P-2RCCCh-13 P-3RCCCh-13 P-4RCCCh-13 P-5RCCCh-13 P-6RCCCh-13 P-7RCCCh-13 P-8RCCCh-13 P-9RCCCh-13 P-1RQCh-13 P-2RQCh-13 P-3RQCh-13 P-4RQCh-13 P-5RQCh-13 P-6RQCh-13 P-7RQCh-13 P-8RQCh-13 P-9RQCh-13 P-10RQCh-13 P-11RQCh-13 P-12RQCh-13 P-13RQCh-13 P-14RQCh-13 P-1RECh-13 P-2RECh-13 P-3RECh-13 P-4RECh-13 P-5RECh-13 P-6RECh-13 P-7RECh-13 P-8RECh-13 P-9RECh-13 P-10RECh-13 P-11RECh-13 P-12RECh-13 P-13RECh-13 P-14RECh-13 P-15RECh-13 P-16RECh-13 P-17RECh-13 P-18RECh-13 P-19RECh-13 P-20RECh-13 P-21RECh-13 P-22RECh-13 P-23RECh-13 P-1PCh-13 P-2PCh-13 P-3PCh-13 P-4PCh-13 P-5PCh-13 P-6PCh-13 P-7PCh-13 P-8PCh-13 P-9P

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