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Chemistry In Focus

7th Edition
Tro + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337399692

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry In Focus

7th Edition
Tro + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337399692
Chapter 15, Problem 10E
Textbook Problem
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Explain the differences between anionic detergents, cationic detergents, and nonionic detergents.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The differences between anionic detergents, cationic detergents, and non-ionic detergents are to be explained.

Concept Introduction:

Synthetic detergents are the synthetic substances that function as a cleaning agent and are made to overcome the drawbacks of the soap. They can be used with soft water as well as hard water, and when used with the latter, they produce foam.

Explanation of Solution

Synthetic detergents are categorized into three different types as follows:

Anionic detergents

Cationic detergents

Non-ionic detergents

Anionic detergents are long-chain alcohols or hydrocarbons of sulfonated sodium salts. In these detergents, the anionic part takes part in the cleansing action. The polar part of the anionic detergents is a negative ion...

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Chapter 15 Solutions

Chemistry In Focus
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Ch. 15 - What are the problems associated with using soap...Ch. 15 - What are the advantages of synthetic detergents...Ch. 15 - What is the difference between ABS synthetic...Ch. 15 - Explain the differences between anionic...Ch. 15 - What kinds of surfactants are used in todays...Ch. 15 - What is a builder?Ch. 15 - Why is sodium tripolyphosphate no longer used as a...Ch. 15 - Define eutrophication.Ch. 15 - What substances have replaced tripolyphosphate in...Ch. 15 - Explain the role of each substance in...Ch. 15 - What are the active ingredients in drain cleaners,...Ch. 15 - What are the active ingredients in toilet bowl...Ch. 15 - Why should drain cleaners and toilet bowl cleaners...Ch. 15 - What are the three types of interactions that...Ch. 15 - Explain why allowing hair to dry in curlers...Ch. 15 - Explain why high pH will damage hair.Ch. 15 - Explain how permanent curling of hair is...Ch. 15 - Why are shampoos more effective in cleaning hair...Ch. 15 - What is the purpose of hair rinses or...Ch. 15 - What pigments are responsible for the color of...Ch. 15 - How can hair be lightened and darkened?Ch. 15 - Why is it important for skin to be moist, but not...Ch. 15 - What are the main ingredients in creams lotions?...Ch. 15 - How do sunscreens protect your skin from the Suns...Ch. 15 - What are the main ingredients in lipstick?Ch. 15 - What are the main ingredients in facial...Ch. 15 - Explain what is happening with molecules in the...Ch. 15 - What kinds of fragrances are used in perfumes? Are...Ch. 15 - Explain the three notes in a perfume and the kinds...Ch. 15 - What is the cause of body odor?Ch. 15 - How do deodorants help eliminate body odor?Ch. 15 - How do antiperspirants work?Ch. 15 - Define each term: a. monomer b. polymer c....Ch. 15 - What are the main uses of high-density...Ch. 15 - What are some of the uses of polypropylene,...Ch. 15 - Explain why Teflon resists sticking and chemical...Ch. 15 - Define each of the following: a. thermoplastic b....Ch. 15 - What are each of the following polymers used for?...Ch. 15 - Sodium stearate is a soap with the molecular...Ch. 15 - Sodium palmitate is a soap with the molecular...Ch. 15 - The salt bridges that hold hair protein (keratin)...Ch. 15 - Draw the structure of a salt bridge between two...Ch. 15 - The hydrochloric acid present in toilet bowl...Ch. 15 - Suppose you ran out of toilet cleaner in your...Ch. 15 - When air cools at night, water often condenses out...Ch. 15 - When relative humidity is high, sweat does not...Ch. 15 - A certain perfume tends to lack a top note. What...Ch. 15 - A certain perfume tends to lack a bottom note....Ch. 15 - Draw a section of the polyethylene polymer about...Ch. 15 - Draw a section of the polyethylene polymer about...Ch. 15 - Give the structure of the monomer from which the...Ch. 15 - Give the structure of the addition polymer that...Ch. 15 - Give the structure of the condensation copolymer...Ch. 15 - Give the structure of the condensation copolymer...Ch. 15 - You are planning a backpacking trip and notice...Ch. 15 - One of the advantages of polymers is their...Ch. 15 - Which of the following detergent molecules are...Ch. 15 - What is wrong with this molecular picture of a...

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