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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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37. Calculate the volume (in milliliters) of each of the following acid solutions that would be required to neutralize 36.2 mL of 0.259 M NaOl-I solution.

a. 0.271 M HCl

b. 0.119 M H2SO4

c. 0.171 M H3PO3

Interpretation Introduction

(a)

Interpretation:

The volume of the given acid solution required to neutralize 36.2mL of 0.259MNaOH solution is to be calculated.

Concept Introduction:

Neutralization is the process in which an acid and base react with each other to give salt and water. The general reaction of acid and base is represented as,

AH+BOHAB+H2O

The molarity of a solution is defined as the number of moles of solute dissolved in one liter of the solution. The formula for molarity is given as,

M=nV

Where,

  • n represents the number of moles of the solute.
  • V represents the volume of the solution.
Explanation

The molarity of the given HCl solution is 0.271M.

The molarity of the given NaOH solution is 0.259M.

The volume of the 0.259MNaOH is 36.2mL.

The neutralization reaction between HCl and NaOH is represented as,

HClaq+NaOHaqNaClaq+H2Ol

The relation between molarities of HCl and NaOH is given as,

M1V1=M2V2

Where,

  • M1 represents the molarity of HCl.
  • V1 represents the volume of HCl.
  • M2 represents the molarity of NaOH
Interpretation Introduction

(b)

Interpretation:

The volume of the given acid solution required to neutralize 36.2mL of 0.259MNaOH solution is to be calculated.

Concept Introduction:

Neutralization is the process in which an acid and base react with each other to give salt and water. The general reaction of acid and base is represented as,

AH+BOHAB+H2O

The molarity of a solution is defined as the number of moles of solute dissolved in one liter of the solution. The formula for molarity is given as,

M=nV

Where,

  • n represents the number of moles of the solute.
  • V represents the volume of the solution.
Interpretation Introduction

(c)

Interpretation:

The volume of the given acid solution required to neutralize 36.2mL of 0.259MNaOH solution is to be calculated.

Concept Introduction:

Neutralization is the process in which an acid and base react with each other to give salt and water. The general reaction of acid and base is represented as,

AH+BOHAB+H2O

The molarity of a solution is defined as the number of moles of solute dissolved in one liter of the solution. The formula for molarity is given as,

M=nV

Where,

  • n represents the number of moles of the solute.
  • V represents the volume of the solution.

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