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College Physics

11th Edition
Raymond A. Serway + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305952300

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BuyFindarrow_forward

College Physics

11th Edition
Raymond A. Serway + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305952300
Textbook Problem

How can the motion of a charged particle be used to distinguish between a magnetic field and an electric field in a certain region? Give a specific example to justify your answer.

To determine
How to distinguish between a magnetic field and an electric field in a certain region by the motion of a charge.

Explanation

The magnetic force on a charged particle is given by,

FB=q(v×B) (1)

  • FB is the magnetic force
  • q is the charge on the particle
  • v is the velocity of the particle
  • B is the magnetic field

The electric force on a charged particle is given by,

FE=qE (2)

  • FE is the force due to electric field
  • E is the electric field

From (1) it’s clear that the magnetic force is perpendicular to the velocity of the particle as well as to the magnetic field itself

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