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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Assign an IUPAC name to each of the following substituted benzenes.

Chapter 2, Problem 2.111EP, Assign an IUPAC name to each of the following substituted benzenes.

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The IUPAC name has to be given for the substituted benzene derivative.

Concept Introduction:

When hydrogen atoms are replaced by one or more groups in benzene is known as substitution reaction and the compounds produced is benzene derivatives.

Benzene derivative with one substituent:

IUPAC system of naming monosubstituted benzene derivatives uses the name of substituent as prefix to the name benzene. If the group that is present in benzene cannot be named easily means, then the benzene ring is often treated as group attached to this substituent. The benzene ring is known as phenyl in this approach.

Benzene derivative with two substituents:

When benzene ring contains two substituents it is known as disubstituted benzene derivative. Three isomers are possible for the disubstituted benzene derivative. The prefix used in IUPAC name are,

Ortho- means disubstitution in 1,2

Meta- means disubstitution in 1,3

Para- means disubstitution in 1,4

When both the substituents present on the benzene ring imparts a special name, where all the substituents are cited in alphabetical order before the ending –benzene. The carbon that bears the group with alphabetical priority is given number 1.

Benzene derivatives with three or more substituents:

More than two groups are present in the benzene ring means, their positions are numbered. The numbering is always done in a way that the carbon atom bearing substituent gets the lowest numbering possible. If there is a choice of numbering system, then the group that comes alphabetically first is given the lowest number.

Explanation

Given structure is,

From the structure given above, it is found two bromine atoms and one chlorine atom are present as substituents.  The numbering has to be given so that the substituents get the least numbering. This puts chlorine atom in position 1, one bromine atom in position 2 and another bromine atom in position 4...

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The IUPAC name has to be given for the substituted benzene derivative.

Concept Introduction:

When hydrogen atoms are replaced by one or more groups in benzene is known as substitution reaction and the compounds produced is benzene derivatives.

Benzene derivative with one substituent:

IUPAC system of naming monosubstituted benzene derivatives uses the name of substituent as prefix to the name benzene. If the group that is present in benzene cannot be named easily means, then the benzene ring is often treated as group attached to this substituent. The benzene ring is known as phenyl in this approach.

Benzene derivative with two substituents:

When benzene ring contains two substituents it is known as disubstituted benzene derivative. Three isomers are possible for the disubstituted benzene derivative. The prefix used in IUPAC name are,

Ortho- means disubstitution in 1,2

Meta- means disubstitution in 1,3

Para- means disubstitution in 1,4

When both the substituents present on the benzene ring imparts a special name, where all the substituents are cited in alphabetical order before the ending –benzene. The carbon that bears the group with alphabetical priority is given number 1.

Benzene derivatives with three or more substituents:

More than two groups are present in the benzene ring means, their positions are numbered. The numbering is always done in a way that the carbon atom bearing substituent gets the lowest numbering possible. If there is a choice of numbering system, then the group that comes alphabetically first is given the lowest number.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The IUPAC name has to be given for the substituted benzene derivative.

Concept Introduction:

When hydrogen atoms are replaced by one or more groups in benzene is known as substitution reaction and the compounds produced is benzene derivatives.

Benzene derivative with one substituent:

IUPAC system of naming monosubstituted benzene derivatives uses the name of substituent as prefix to the name benzene. If the group that is present in benzene cannot be named easily means, then the benzene ring is often treated as group attached to this substituent. The benzene ring is known as phenyl in this approach.

Benzene derivative with two substituents:

When benzene ring contains two substituents it is known as disubstituted benzene derivative. Three isomers are possible for the disubstituted benzene derivative. The prefix used in IUPAC name are,

Ortho- means disubstitution in 1,2

Meta- means disubstitution in 1,3

Para- means disubstitution in 1,4

When both the substituents present on the benzene ring imparts a special name, where all the substituents are cited in alphabetical order before the ending –benzene. The carbon that bears the group with alphabetical priority is given number 1.

Benzene derivatives with three or more substituents:

More than two groups are present in the benzene ring means, their positions are numbered. The numbering is always done in a way that the carbon atom bearing substituent gets the lowest numbering possible. If there is a choice of numbering system, then the group that comes alphabetically first is given the lowest number.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The IUPAC name has to be given for the substituted benzene derivative.

Concept Introduction:

When hydrogen atoms are replaced by one or more groups in benzene is known as substitution reaction and the compounds produced is benzene derivatives.

Benzene derivative with one substituent:

IUPAC system of naming monosubstituted benzene derivatives uses the name of substituent as prefix to the name benzene. If the group that is present in benzene cannot be named easily means, then the benzene ring is often treated as group attached to this substituent. The benzene ring is known as phenyl in this approach.

Benzene derivative with two substituents:

When benzene ring contains two substituents it is known as disubstituted benzene derivative. Three isomers are possible for the disubstituted benzene derivative. The prefix used in IUPAC name are,

Ortho- means disubstitution in 1,2

Meta- means disubstitution in 1,3

Para- means disubstitution in 1,4

When both the substituents present on the benzene ring imparts a special name, where all the substituents are cited in alphabetical order before the ending –benzene. The carbon that bears the group with alphabetical priority is given number 1.

Benzene derivatives with three or more substituents:

More than two groups are present in the benzene ring means, their positions are numbered. The numbering is always done in a way that the carbon atom bearing substituent gets the lowest numbering possible. If there is a choice of numbering system, then the group that comes alphabetically first is given the lowest number.

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