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Why do we need to study the variation of a collection of data? Why isn’t the average by itself adequate? We have studied three ways to measure variation. The range, the standard deviation, and, to a large extent, a box-and-whisker plot all indicate the variation within a data collection. Discuss similarities and differences among these ways to measure data variation. Why would it seem reasonable to pair the median with a box-and-whisker plot and to pair the mean with the standard deviation? What are the advantages and disadvantages of each method of describing data spread? Comment on statements such as the following: (a) The range is easy to compute, but it doesn’t give much information; (b) although the standard deviation is more complicated to compute, it has some significant applications; (c) the box-and-whisker plot is fairly easy to construct, and it gives a lot of information at a glance.

BuyFind

Understanding Basic Statistics

8th Edition
Charles Henry Brase + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337558075
BuyFind

Understanding Basic Statistics

8th Edition
Charles Henry Brase + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337558075

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Chapter
Section
Chapter 3, Problem 2LCWP
Textbook Problem

Why do we need to study the variation of a collection of data? Why isn’t the average by itself adequate? We have studied three ways to measure variation. The range, the standard deviation, and, to a large extent, a box-and-whisker plot all indicate the variation within a data collection. Discuss similarities and differences among these ways to measure data variation. Why would it seem reasonable to pair the median with a box-and-whisker plot and to pair the mean with the standard deviation? What are the advantages and disadvantages of each method of describing data spread? Comment on statements such as the following: (a) The range is easy to compute, but it doesn’t give much information; (b) although the standard deviation is more complicated to compute, it has some significant applications; (c) the box-and-whisker plot is fairly easy to construct, and it gives a lot of information at a glance.

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Chapter 3 Solutions

Understanding Basic Statistics
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Ch. 3.1 - Critical Thinking When a distribution is...Ch. 3.1 - Critical Thinking Consider the following types of...Ch. 3.1 - Critical Thinking Consider the numbers 23455 (a)...Ch. 3.1 - Critical Thinking Consider two data sets. Set...Ch. 3.1 - Interpretation A Job-performance evaluation form...Ch. 3.1 - Critical Thinking: Data Transformation Using...Ch. 3.1 - Critical Thinking: Data Transformation Using...Ch. 3.1 - Critical Thinking Consider a data set of 15...Ch. 3.1 - Environmental Studies: Death Valley How hot does...Ch. 3.1 - Ecology: Wolf Packs How large is a wolf pack? The...Ch. 3.1 - Medical: Injuries The Grand Canyon and the...Ch. 3.1 - Football: Age of Professional Players How old are...Ch. 3.1 - Leisure: Maui Vacation How expensive is Maui? It...Ch. 3.1 - Basic Computation: Weighted Average Find the...Ch. 3.1 - Basic Computation: Weighted Average Find the...Ch. 3.1 - Grades: Weighted Average In your biology class,...Ch. 3.1 - Merit Pay Scale: Weighted Average At General...Ch. 3.1 - EPA: Wetlands Where does all the water go?...Ch. 3.1 - Expand Your knowledge: Harmonic Mean When data...Ch. 3.1 - Expand Your Knowledge: Geometric Mean When data...Ch. 3.2 - Statistical Literacy Which averagemean, median, or...Ch. 3.2 - Statistical Literacy What is the relationship...Ch. 3.2 - Statistical Literacy When computing the standard...Ch. 3.2 - Statistical Literary What symbol is used for the...Ch. 3.2 - Basic Computation: Range, Standard Deviation...Ch. 3.2 - Basic Computation: Range, Standard Deviation...Ch. 3.2 - Critical Thinking Fora given data set in which not...Ch. 3.2 - Critical Thinking Consider two data sets with...Ch. 3.2 - Critical Thinking Each of the following data sets...Ch. 3.2 - Critical Thinking: Data Transformation Using...Ch. 3.2 - Critical Thinking: Data Transformation Using...Ch. 3.2 - Critical Thinking: Outliers One indicator of an...Ch. 3.2 - Basic Computation: Variance, Standard Deviation...Ch. 3.2 - Basic Computation: Coefficient of Variation,...Ch. 3.2 - Basic Computation: Coefficient of Variation....Ch. 3.2 - Investing: Stocks and Bonds Do bonds reduce the...Ch. 3.2 - Space Shuttle: Epoxy Kevlar epoxy it a material...Ch. 3.2 - Archaeology: Ireland The Hill of Tara in Ireland...Ch. 3.2 - Wildlife: Mallard Ducks and Canada Geese For...Ch. 3.2 - Investing: Socially Responsible Mutual Funds Pax...Ch. 3.2 - Medical: Physician Visits In some reports, the...Ch. 3.2 - Grouped Data: Anthropology What was the age...Ch. 3.2 - Grouped Data: Shoplifting What is the age...Ch. 3.2 - Grouped Data: Hours of Sleep per Day Alexander...Ch. 3.2 - Grouped Data: Business Administration What are the...Ch. 3.2 - Expand Your knowledge: Moving Averages You do not...Ch. 3.2 - Brain Teaser: Sum of Squares If you like...Ch. 3.2 - Expand Your knowledge: Stratified Sampling and...Ch. 3.2 - Expand Your knowledge: Stratified Sampling and...Ch. 3.2 - Expand Your knowledge: Stratified Sampling. No...Ch. 3.3 - Statistical Literacy Angela took a general...Ch. 3.3 - Statistical Literacy One standard for admission to...Ch. 3.3 - Critical Thinking The town of Butler, Nebraska,...Ch. 3.3 - Critical Thinking Clayton and Timothy took...Ch. 3.3 - Basic Computation: Five-Number Summary,...Ch. 3.3 - Basic Computation: Five-Number Summary...Ch. 3.3 - Health Care: Nurses At Center Hospital there is...Ch. 3.3 - Health Care: Staff Another survey was done at...Ch. 3.3 - Sociology: College Graduates What percentage of...Ch. 3.3 - Sociology: High School Dropouts What percentage of...Ch. 3.3 - Auto Insurance: Interpret GraphsConsumer Reports...Ch. 3.3 - Expand Your knowledge: Outliers Some data include...Ch. 3 - Terminology Consider the following measures of...Ch. 3 - Terminology Consider the statement: For a 5%...Ch. 3 - Terminology When we compute a sample standard...Ch. 3 - Terminology Consider the following terms: outlier,...Ch. 3 - Terminology Consider the following symbols: s,,x,....Ch. 3 - Terminology How is the standard deviation related...Ch. 3 - Terminology In a box-and-whisker plot. which...Ch. 3 - Terminology Consider the following statement: If...Ch. 3 - Statistical Literacy (a) What measures of...Ch. 3 - Critical Thinking Look at the two histograms on...Ch. 3 - Critical Thinking Consider the following Minitab...Ch. 3 - Consumer: Radon Gas "Radon: The Problem No One...Ch. 3 - Political Science: Georgia Democrats How...Ch. 3 - Grade: Weighted Average Professor Cramer...Ch. 3 - General: Average Weight Wright An elevator it...Ch. 3 - Agriculture: Harvest Weight of Maize The following...Ch. 3 - Focus Problem: Water Solve the focus problem at...Ch. 3 - Agriculture: Bell Peppers The pathogen...Ch. 3 - Performance Rating: Weighted Average A performance...Ch. 3 - The Story of Old Faithful is a short book written...Ch. 3 - Most academic advisors tell students to major in a...Ch. 3 - An average is an attempt to summarize a collection...Ch. 3 - Why do we need to study the variation of a...Ch. 3 - Why is the coefficient of variation important?...Ch. 3 - What is Chebyshevs theorem? Suppose you have a...Ch. 3 - Application Using the software or calculator...Ch. 3 - Consider the following measures: mean, median,...Ch. 3 - Describe how the presence of possible outliers...Ch. 3 - Consider two data sets. A and B. The sets are...Ch. 3 - You are examining two data sets involving test...Ch. 3 - In west Texas, water is extremely important. The...Ch. 3 - In west Texas, water is extremely important. The...Ch. 3 - In west Texas, water is extremely important. The...Ch. 3 - In west Texas, water is extremely important. The...Ch. 3 - In west Texas, water is extremely important. The...Ch. 3 - In west Texas, water is extremely important. The...Ch. 3 - In west Texas, water is extremely important. The...Ch. 3 - In west Texas, water is extremely important. The...Ch. 3 - In west Texas, water is extremely important. The...Ch. 3 - Interpretation Wow! In Problems 5-13 you...Ch. 3 - Interpretation Wow! In Problems 5-13 you...Ch. 3 - Interpretation Wow! In Problems 5-13 you...Ch. 3 - Interpretation Wow! In Problems 5-13 you...Ch. 3 - Interpretation Wow! In Problems 5-13 you...

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