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Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

Write two chemical equations, one in which H2PO4 is a Brønsted acid (in reaction with the carbonate ion, CO32–), and a second in which HPO42– is a Brønsted base (in reaction with acetic acid, CH3CO2H).

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The two chemical reaction should be written, whe the water is reacting with HBr and ammonia

Concept introduction:

Equilibrium reaction: chemical equilibrium is the state in which both reactants and products are present in concentrations which have no further tendency to change with time therefore no change in the system property in a chemical reaction.

Bronsted acid: An acid donates (loses)H+ ion.

Bronsted Base: A base accepts (gains)H+ ion.

Explanation

The chemical reactions are shown below

  

H2PO4- dissolves with CO32-, H2PO4- exist as a Bronsted acid (An acid donates H+ ion) and H2PO4- donates the H+ ion to the CO32- which forms HPO42- and HCO3-

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