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Effect of omitting adjusting entry Accrued salaries owed to employees for October 30 and 31 are not considered in preparing the financial statements for the year ended October 31. Indicate which items will be erroneously stated, because of the error, on (A) the income statement for the year and (B) the balance sheet as of October 31. Also indicate whether the items in error will be overstated or understated.

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Financial And Managerial Accounting

15th Edition
WARREN + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337902663

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Financial And Managerial Accounting

15th Edition
WARREN + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337902663
Chapter 3, Problem 7E
Textbook Problem
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Effect of omitting adjusting entry

Accrued salaries owed to employees for October 30 and 31 are not considered in preparing the financial statements for the year ended October 31. Indicate which items will be erroneously stated, because of the error, on (A) the income statement for the year and (B) the balance sheet as of October 31. Also indicate whether the items in error will be overstated or understated.

To determine

Determine the effects on the balance sheet and income statement, if the adjusting entries are not recorded.

Explanation of Solution

Adjusting entries

Adjusting entries are those entries which are made at the end of the accounting period, to record the revenues in the period of which they have been earned and to record the expenses in the period of which have been incurred, as well as to update all the balances of assets and liabilities accounts on the balance sheet, and to ascertain accurate amount of net income (loss) on the income statement to maintain the records according to the accrual basis principle.

Accounting rules for journal entries:

  • To record increase balance of account: Debit assets, expenses, losses and credit liabilities, capital, revenue and gains.
  • To record decrease balance of account: Credit assets, expenses, losses and debit liabilities, capital, revenue and gains.

Though accrued salaries owed to employees for October 30 and 31 are not considered in preparing the financial statements, so salaries expense and salaries payable accounts are erroneously stated i.e. both the items are decreased, as a result the net income was overstated and the liabilities of the business was understated.

Determine the effects on the balance sheet and income statement, if the adjusting entries are not recorded...

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Chapter 3 Solutions

Financial And Managerial Accounting
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Ch. 3 - Accounts requiring adjustment Indicate with a Yes...Ch. 3 - Type of adjustment Classify the following items as...Ch. 3 - Adjustment for accrued revenues At the end of the...Ch. 3 - Adjustment for accrued expense Prospect Realty Co....Ch. 3 - Adjustment for unearned revenue On June 1, 20Y2,...Ch. 3 - Adjustment for prepaid expense The prepaid...Ch. 3 - Adjustment for depreciation The estimated amount...Ch. 3 - Effect of omitting adjustments For the year ending...Ch. 3 - Effect of errors on adjusted trial balance For...Ch. 3 - Vertical analysis Two income statements for Cornea...Ch. 3 - Classifying types of adjustments Classify the...Ch. 3 - Classifying adjusting entries The following...Ch. 3 - Adjusting entry for accrued fees At the end of the...Ch. 3 - Effect of omitting adjusting entry Paradise Realty...Ch. 3 - Adjusting entries for accrued salaries Paradise...Ch. 3 - Determining wages paid The wages payable and wages...Ch. 3 - Effect of omitting adjusting entry Accrued...Ch. 3 - Effect of omitting adjusting entry When preparing...Ch. 3 - Adjusting entries for unearned fees The balance in...Ch. 3 - Effect of omitting adjusting entry At the end of...Ch. 3 - Adjusting entry for supplies The balance in the...Ch. 3 - Determining supplies purchased The supplies and...Ch. 3 - Effect of omitting adjusting entry At March 31,...Ch. 3 - Adjusting entries for prepaid insurance The...Ch. 3 - Adjusting entries for prepaid insurance The...Ch. 3 - Adjusting entries for unearned and accrued fees...Ch. 3 - Adjusting entries for prepaid and accrued taxes...Ch. 3 - Adjustment for depreciation The estimated amount...Ch. 3 - Determining fixed assets book value The balance in...Ch. 3 - Book value of fixed assets In a recent balance...Ch. 3 - Effects of errors on financial statements For a...Ch. 3 - Effects of errors on financial statements For a...Ch. 3 - Effects of errors on financial statements The...Ch. 3 - Effects of errors on financial statements If the...Ch. 3 - Adjusting entries for depreciation; effect of...Ch. 3 - Adjusting entries from trial balances The...Ch. 3 - Adjusting entries from trial balances The...Ch. 3 - Adjusting entries On March 31, the following data...Ch. 3 - Adjusting entries Selected account balances before...Ch. 3 - Adjusting entries Trident Repairs Service, an...Ch. 3 - Adjusting entries Good Note Company specializes in...Ch. 3 - Adjusting entries and adjusted trial balances...Ch. 3 - Adjusting entries and errors At the end of April,...Ch. 3 - Adjusting entries On May 31, the following data...Ch. 3 - Adjusting entries Selected account balances before...Ch. 3 - Adjusting entries Crazy Mountain Outfitters Co.,...Ch. 3 - Adjusting entries The Signage Company specializes...Ch. 3 - Adjusting entries and adjusted trial balances...Ch. 3 - Adjusting entries and errors At the end of August,...Ch. 3 - The unadjusted trial balance that you prepared for...Ch. 3 - Analyze Amazon.com Amazon.com, Inc. (AMZN) is the...Ch. 3 - Analyze Pandora Media Pandora Media, Inc. (P)...Ch. 3 - Analyze World Wrestling Entertainment World...Ch. 3 - Analyze Chipotle Mexican Grill Chipotle Mexican...Ch. 3 - Analyze Nike The following data are taken from...Ch. 3 - Analyze and Compare ATT and Verizon Communications...Ch. 3 - Ethics in Action Chris P. Bacon is the chief...Ch. 3 - Loan application Daryl Kirby opened Squid Realty...Ch. 3 - Communication Delta Air Lines is a major passenger...Ch. 3 - Adjustments and financial statements Several years...

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