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Biology: The Dynamic Science (Mind...

4th Edition
Peter J. Russell + 2 others
ISBN: 9781305389892

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Chapter
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BuyFindarrow_forward

Biology: The Dynamic Science (Mind...

4th Edition
Peter J. Russell + 2 others
ISBN: 9781305389892
Textbook Problem

Distinguish between a dendrite and an axon.

Summary Introduction

To review:

The difference between an axon and a dendrite.

Introduction:

Neurons are the cells of the nervous system that are arranged and specialized to receive information from the internal as well as the external environment, and transmit it to the more complex organ, that is, brain. Different types of neurons are present in the human nervous system but they share common structural features.

Explanation

The structure of neuron contains dendrites, axons, nucleus, cell body, and other structures, which are present in all cells of the body, like mitochondria, ribosomes, endoplasmic reticulum, and others. The axons and dendrites make the neurons different from the cells of rest of the body.

The differences between the dendrite and an axon are as follows:

Dendrites Axon
These are short and branched extensions of a neuron; dendrites receive signals from the precursor neuron and transmits the signals toward the axon via the cell body...

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