Accounting (Text Only)

26th Edition
Carl Warren + 2 others
ISBN: 9781285743615



Accounting (Text Only)

26th Edition
Carl Warren + 2 others
ISBN: 9781285743615
Textbook Problem

The unadjusted trial balance of PS Music as of July 31, 2016, along with the adjustment data for the two months ended July 31, 2016, are shown in Chapter 3. Based upon the adjustment data, the following adjusted trial balance was prepared:

Chapter 4, Problem 1COP, The unadjusted trial balance of PS Music as of July 31, 2016, along with the adjustment data for the


l. (Optional) Using the data from Chapter 3, prepare an end-of-period spreadsheet.

2. Prepare an income statement, a statement of owner's equity, and a balance sheet. (Note: Peyton Smith made investments in PS Music on June 1 and July 1, 2016.)

3. Journalize and post the closing entries. The retained earnings account is #33 and the income summary account is #34 in the ledger of PS Music. Indicate closed accounts by inserting a line in both Balance columns opposite the closing entry.

4. Prepare a post-closing trial balance.


To determine


A spreadsheet is a worksheet. It is used while preparing a financial statement. It is a type of form having multiple columns and it is used in the adjustment process. The use of a worksheet is optional for any organization. A worksheet can neither be considered as a journal nor a part of the general ledger.

Income statement:

An income statement is one of the financial statements which shows the revenues, and expenses of the company. The income statement is prepared to ascertain the net income/loss of the company, by deducting the expenses from the revenues.

Netincome = Total revenues – Total expenses

Statement of retained earnings: This statement reports the beginning retained earnings and all the changes which led to ending retained earnings. Net income from income statement is added to and dividends are deducted from beginning retained earnings to arrive at the end result, ending retained earnings.

Balance sheet:

A balance sheet is a financial statement consists of the assets, liabilities, and the stockholder’s equity of the company. The balance of the assets account must be equal to that of the liabilities and the stockholder’s equity account.


T-accounts are referred as T-account because its format represents the letter “T”. The T-accounts consists of the following:

  • The title of accounts.
  • The debit side (Dr) and,
  • The credit side (Cr).

Closing entries:

Closing entries are recorded in order to close the temporary accounts such as incomes and expenses by transferring them to the permanent accounts. It is passed at the end of the accounting period, to transfer the final balance.

Post-Closing Trial Balance:

After passing all the journal entries and the closing entries of the permanent accounts and then further posting them to each of the respective accounts, a post-closing trial balance is prepared which consists of a list of all the permanent accounts. A post-closing trial balance serves as an evidence to prove that the balance of the permanent accounts is equal.

To prepare: An end-of-period spreadsheet.


An end-of-period spreadsheet is prepared as follows:


To determine

To Prepare: An income statement for the year ended July 31, 2016.


To determine

To Journalize: The closing entries for PS Music.


To determine

To prepare: A post–closing trial balance of PS Music for July 31, 2016.

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