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When China’s clothing industry expands, the increase in world supply lowers the world price of clothing. a. Draw an appropriate diagram to analyze how this change in price affects consumer surplus, producer surplus, and total surplus in a nation that imports clothing, such as the United States. b. Now draw an appropriate diagram to show how this change in price affects consumer surplus, producer surplus, and total surplus in a nation that exports clothing, such as the Dominican Republic. c. Compare your answers to parts (a) and (b). What are the similarities and what are the differences? Which country should be concerned about the expansion of the Chinese textile industry? Which country should be applauding it? Explain.

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Principles of Macroeconomics (Mind...

8th Edition
N. Gregory Mankiw
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305971509
BuyFind

Principles of Macroeconomics (Mind...

8th Edition
N. Gregory Mankiw
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305971509

Solutions

Chapter
Section
Chapter 9, Problem 3PA
Textbook Problem
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When China’s clothing industry expands, the increase in world supply lowers the world price of clothing.

a. Draw an appropriate diagram to analyze how this change in price affects consumer surplus, producer surplus, and total surplus in a nation that imports clothing, such as the United States.

b. Now draw an appropriate diagram to show how this change in price affects consumer surplus, producer surplus, and total surplus in a nation that exports clothing, such as the Dominican Republic.

c. Compare your answers to parts (a) and (b). What are the similarities and what are the differences? Which country should be concerned about the expansion of the Chinese textile industry? Which country should be applauding it? Explain.

Expert Solution

Subpart (a):

To determine
The impact of developing the production in one important country.

Explanation of Solution

When the domestic price of the commodity is lower than the price in the foreign countries, it denotes that the domestic country is able to produce the good at a lower opportunity cost than the foreign countries. The ability to produce the good at a lower opportunity cost is known as the comparative advantage; thus, when international trade is opening in the country, the country will become the exporter of the commodity.

When there is large advancement in the production process in the country, it leads to the increased world supply of clothes; the impact will be on the world price. The world price will fall and the impact on the countries that are importers can be shown on the graph as follows:

In the importing country, the lower world price will lead to the new world price (PW2) being lower than the initial world price (PW1), which leads to the increase of imports of the country...

Expert Solution

Subpart (b):

To determine
The impact of developing the production in one important country.

Expert Solution

Sub part(c):

To determine
The impact of developing the production in one important country.

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