Purkinje cell

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  • Initiation And Propagation In Cerebellar Purkinje Neurons Case Study

    901 Words  | 4 Pages

    Initiation and Propagation in Cerebellar Purkinje Neurons Baylee LaBree University of New Hampshire Introduction Neural processing is discerned as dendritic input followed by electrical transmission and axonal neurotransmitter output. In the axon of Purkinje cells, lie simple and complex spikes. It is here where the initiation of whether action potentials within neurons initiate at the axon initial segment (AIS) or at the first node of Ranvier within cerebellar Purkinje neurons (Palmer, Clark, Gründemann

  • Essay Autism: A Disorder of Conflicting Causes and Treatments

    1063 Words  | 5 Pages

    This complements Courchesne's idea that there are fewer Purkinje neurons in the cerebral regions of autistic children. Because Purkinje neurons are responsible for programmed cell death, a lack of them could result in an overabundance of neurons in the brains of autistic infants. If it is to be believed that humans develop many more neurological connections than are needed (the unnecessary neurons undergoing cell suicide in early development), then it stands to reason that a high neural

  • The Presence Of Rat Model Of Parkinson 's Disease Induced By The Intrastriatal Injection Of Rotenone Essay

    1309 Words  | 6 Pages

    The present study revealed the presence of neurochemical and histopathological changes in the cerebellum of rat model of Parkinson’s disease induced by the intrastriatal injection of rotenone. This may change the strategy of the disease treatment that depends mainly on the restoration of dopamine levels in the basal ganglia. The present findings showed the development of hyperexcitability in the cerebellum of rat model of PD induced by intrastriatal injection of rotenone. This was indicated from

  • Uner Tan Syndrome: The Ulas Family Essay

    1653 Words  | 7 Pages

    In 2005, a Turkish neuroscientist and evolutionary biologist named Dr. Uner Tan discovered a family with a very unique condition: five of them walk on all fours with a quadrupedal gait. In addition to quadrupedalism, affected individuals showed severe mental retardation and what he described as “primitive speech.” The presence of these three characteristic symptoms became known as Uner Tan Syndrome. The Ulas family was discovered in a small village near Iskenderun in southern Turkey. At the time

  • Essay On Dystrophin

    476 Words  | 2 Pages

    cardiac muscle, even within some nerve cells, however it is not primarily located in any smooth muscle (Genetics Home Reference 2012). Dystrophin works together with other proteins to make muscle fibers stronger and to keep them from injuring themselves during muscle relaxation and contraction along with other proteins in a protein complex. Inside of this protein complex the dystrophin acts as the foundation that connects the actin cytoskeleton of each muscle cell with matrix of other proteins in the

  • The Relationship Between Grks And Arrestins

    748 Words  | 3 Pages

    phosphorylation of the S869-V893 region of mGluR1a when expressed in HEK cells (Iacovelli 2003, Sallese 2000, Mundell 2003). These agonist-induced internalization processes are -arrestin 1/2 and dynamin-dependent (Mundell 2001, 2002, 2003). -arrestin 1 appears to be important in mGluR1 endocytosis; however, the agonist-stimulated internalization of mGluR1a is observed only when -arrestin 1 is co-expressed with either GRK2 or GRK5 in HEK cells. GRK2, GRK5, -arrestin 1, or -arrestin2 individually has no

  • The Significance Of SERCA Organisms In Mammalian Cells

    885 Words  | 4 Pages

    To date, the expression of at least ten distinct SERCA isoforms has been identified in mammalian cells (Fawzia Baba-Aissa, Raeymaekers, Wuytack, Dode, & Casteels, 1998; Periasamy & Kalyanasundaram, 2007). As already stated, in vertebrates the different SERCA isoforms are encoded by alternatively spliced transcripts of three main SERCA genes; SERCA1, SERCA2, and SERCA3 (Brandl et al., 1986; Gunteski-Hamblin et al., 1988; Lytton & MacLennan, 1988; D. H. MacLennan et al., 1985). Despite the differences

  • Neurexins : Case Study

    942 Words  | 4 Pages

    These results demonstrate an involvement of synapsins in the development of behavioral traits typical of ASDs and the underlying synaptopathy in developmental disorders. 4.2. Postsynaptic proteins linked to ASD Neuroligins (NLGN) are postsynaptic cell adhesion proteins that bind to presynaptic NRXNs and play an important role in synapse formation and function. The human Nlgn family contains five NLGN genes (NLGN1/2/3/4/4Y). Nlgns contain a large extracellular domain that shows sequence homology

  • Histo Practice Exam 1

    1273 Words  | 6 Pages

    fibroblast, macrophage, mast cell, plasma cell 88. Fibroblast 89. collagen 90. rough ER, Golgi, ECM 91. rough ER 92. golgi 93. ECM 94. Cross–linking 95. elastic fibers 96. Macrophage 97. macrophage 98. macrophage 99. fibroblast 100. Fibroblasts 101. mucosal mast cells, CT proper mast cells 102. inflammatory 103. largest 104. hypersensitivity reaction 105. mast cells 106. mast cell 107. plasma cells 108. Plasma cells 109. RER (basophilia) 110. Plasma cells 111. Loose connective tissue

  • Characteristics Of Each Variation Of Griscelli Syndrome

    2099 Words  | 9 Pages

    phenotype; hypopigmentation. The reason for this is because the three genes involved (MYO5A, RAB27A, and MLPH) play similar roles in the transport of the pigment melanin. The MYO5A, RAB27A, and MPLH genes all produce proteins that are found within cells known as melanocytes (“Griscelli syndrome,” 2016). Melanocytes are generally found in the stratum basale of the skin’s epidermis and the uvea of the eye. Through a process termed melanogenesis, melanocytes produce the pigment melanin. Within the melanocytes