4 Fundamental Management Tasks

2776 Words Sep 30th, 2012 12 Pages
1. Introduction

The 4 fundamental management tasks are Planning, Organising, Leadership and Control.
1. Planning – Planning involves mapping out exactly how to achieve a particular goal. This is the first component of management. A manager needs to determine what the organisations goals are and how to achieve them. Setting objectives for goals and following up on the execution of the plans are two critical components of planning

2. Organising – A manager needs to organise her/his team and materials according to her/his plan. Assigning work and granting authority are two important elements of organising. A manager is responsible for organising staff, resources, tool and work schedules to achieve the organisations set goals and objectives.
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The five types of power are identified as Legitimate power, Power of reward, Coercive power, Referent power and Expert power Legitimate power is the power of organisation grants to a particular position. A manager has the right to insist that employees do their work and the right to discipline or dismiss them if they fail to comply. Power of reward is based on the manager’s ability to influence employees with something of value. To give or withhold rewards. Coercive power is the power to enforce compliance through fear, whether psychological, emotional or physical. Referent power refers to a manager’s personal power or charisma. Employees obey managers with referent power simply because they like them and identify with then. Expert power is the power that a manager expertise, knowledge and professional ability give them, particularly over those that need the knowledge or information.

A manager that has all five types of powers is a strong leader. Occasionally employee’s posses power too. Effective managers use their powers in a way that they maintain a healthy balance between their own power ant that of their employees.

Responsibility is the obligation to achieve the businesses goals by performing the required activities; managers are responsible for the results of the departments.
Delegation is the process of assigning responsibility and authority down the chain of command.

Accountability is the evaluation of how well

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