From a psychological point of view the appearance of the apparitions to the governess would be a culmination of two theories. The first being her initial meeting with the Master of Blye causing repressed feelings to dictate her actions, and secondly her desire to feel needed by the children causing her to create situations where the children had no choice but to depend on her. When the governess first met the Master, she was immediately taken by his appearance and demeanor, so much so that she promised to take over the care of two young children all by herself. She agreed to never contact the Master about anything, including the well-being of the children. He was hoping that he would never have to deal with any part of this situation, however the “seduction” (James 6), he used to get the governess to take the job, worked too well. Throughout the story we see instances where the governess debates sending a message to the Master about events that occur at the estate. Freud would say that the unconscious was seeking out opportunities to interact with the Master again, “conception is one of which we are not aware, but the existance of which we are nevertheless ready to admit on account of other proofs or signs” (A Note on the Unconscious in Psycho-analysis 1). This unconscious desire driven by her Id’s primary function of desire, in her case desire for the master, caused her to see apparitions that would cause the Master to notice her and come back. Being that the governess is
Many Elizabethan bedsides were haunted from “the terrors of the night”. Back then their ghosts were nothing like the pasty blobs we call ghosts now. Theirs were quite gruesome. Ghostly visitations were claimed to have been very unpleasant. Not only this, but they claimed it cast them into a state of spiritual confusion.
Indirect realists often ask us to consider hallucination and perceptual illusions. In hallucinations, you see something, but nothing which exists. In illusions, you see something, but not as it really is e.g. a straight stick in water appears bent. In each case, what you see, they claim, is a mental thing, an appearance, a ‘sense-datum’. We can then say that what we perceive ‘immediately’ is the appearance, which has secondary qualities; and that it is by firstname.lastname@example.org © Michael Lacewing perceiving the appearance that we perceive the physical object, which has only primary qualities. So we see the appearance of the vase, which is a mental thing which really is red; and this way, we indirectly see the vase, which is a physical
“The Spirit Catches You” by Anne Fadiman inspired two theoretical perspectives to be analyzed through a social worker’s lens, the psychodynamic perspective and the social constructionist perspective. Each viewpoint is significant when exploring the experiences Lia Lee, her family, and those members of the community whom became stakeholders faced when dealing with Lia’s fatal illness. Analyzing the psychodynamic perspective on a micro level and the social constructionist perspective on a macro level, provides a better understanding for working with clients that endure the complex cultural dilemmas faced in this story. Therefore, examining these perspectives can assist with developing one’s own interventions and evaluate the ones used.
Towards the middle of the novel, the tone shifts from being cheerful to hostility. Two specific tones that stand out in this section are frightened and furious. This change occurs due to the governess being frightened by the ghost of Peter Quint. The two meet one night, in a dark hallway, she stands on top and the ghost was standing in the middle of the staircase. The governess describes the scene as, “It was the dead silence of our long gaze at such close quarters that gave the whole horror” (James 63). It is because of the governess being frightened by the ghost that the whole tone shifts to reflect this scary experience. The mood of the story shifts to reflect the governess being frightened by the apparition. The tone shifts slightly as a result of the governess changing her perspective of the children. This occurs as the governess becomes furious with the children as they are not being as good in her eyes as they once were. She believes that they are not being honest. An example of this dishonesty occurs when the governess returns to her room and asks “And did you see anyone” to which Flora responds “Ah no” (James 64). The tone reflects the tension between the governess and Flora and how she is so furious with the fact that she is hiding things from her. The governess only wants to protect Flora and by her hiding things prohibits her from doing her job. The overall tone in the middle of the novel is hostile as the governess’s attitudes
The self- recognition is to understand the ability and the feeling of individual his or herself. James presented that governess sometime feeling trouble to control those children as they seemed to be smarter than her— “she expresses a need to confess her troubles at Bly” (Zacharias 323). However, James brought up a fancy power of ghost associate with the story to engage the reader or audiences’ thought. With an ambiguous meaning, the reader could support or against this point. The truth based on the governess herself and the audiences’ experiences. If the ghost story is true, the governess acted as a “heroine” to save those children from those fancy power (329). However, James also displayed that the governess had limited power or ability. Then James explored himself as the governess’s realization that she could not compare with her anti-supporters (ghost). This surrender is similar to self-guilty and struggling. As governess put herself in fear and unaware of children’s behavior, she seemed unable to perform her duty to satisfy her master. She gave up her challenging with the girl or ghost, then sent her back to her uncle in London (James 110). Self- realization is understandable of human ability and weakness that humans could manage or unable to manage in any difficult
“Was I really seeking good, or just seeking attention?” The wicked witch in musical “Wicked” sings these words as she debates whether or not the intentions to her actions of saving a lion cub, helping her professor, and giving her sister the ability to walk were pure or just an attempt to satisfying an inner desire. The person performing the action only knows the intentions of an action, however, those intentions might not be obvious to this person. The Venetian psychologist, and pioneer the psychoanalytical theory, Sigmund Freud believed that a person’s unconscious mind and hidden desires drive a person’s actions (McLeod). For example, a boyfriend could give his partner a gift. On the outside it appears that he is performing an affectionate
Psychics are conducting a number of meetings with everyday people who all share the same belief in the omniscient powers of these so-called clairvoyant creatures. Besides those visiting the psychics, there are people who study and question the actual powers that the psychic posses. Dr. Peter Venkman was one of the people who had the desire to asses the legitimacy of extra-sensory perception, or ESP. In one of his studies, Dr. Venkman hypothesized that real psychics have special clairvoyant powers that non-psychics do not possess. He uses Dr. Venkman is going to use the Zener cards deck which contains 25 cards with 5 different shapes and with this he tries to determine psychics can tell the shape on the unseen card on the top. Evidence both challenges and supports the hypothesis of Dr. Venkman.
The White Sisters were rarely required to use their conjuration-detecting skills in the middle of the night. Nighttime security was normally a male sport--the Yeomen guarding the gates and the grounds, the Blades patrolling the inside of the palace--but now the King was entertaining an important guest and either he or someone in his train had been tactless enough to include conjurements in his baggage. Anyone else would have been reprimanded and made to turn them in, but a Grand Duke had to be humored. So the White Sisters' help was required, and Sister Gertrude was the most junior Sister in attendance at Court. Tonight Mother Celandine would supervise and instruct. Thereafter Trudy would have the
Parapsychology can also be referred to as psychical research. The definition of parapsychology is the scientific study of paranormal phenomena and experiences. A paranormal phenomenon is a claim that a real anomalous effect is occurring. There may or may not be a real anomalous effect, but the individual has interpreted their experience as a paranormal one defines what a paranormal experience is. Unfortunately the importance of parapsychology has not been widely recognized. A popular reason on why parapsychology has been ignored is that it gives pseudo-scientific support to religion. Many scientists and philosophers have ignored and treated it the subject with contempt. Another reason that parapsychology has been so
The Sixth Sense is a supernatural thriller that was released in 1999. The film explains the story of Cole Spear, a disturbed and quiet boy, who eventually comes to the realization that he can see and talk to dead people. Throughout the movie, there are many elements in a scene that are placed in a certain way in order to convey a deeper meaning and gather a better understanding of this film. The mise-en-scene of this movie creates a mood and presence that can be seen through the different settings, camera shots, props and lighting.
Two years had passed since my poor dear Milly’s illness had taken her from me, and I still thought of her every night. She was in my dreams, and in all of my thoughts. I try now not to dwell on her as I did then, for I believe it is her face that enticed this haunting. I call it a haunting, for I don’t know what else to call it, my friend. It was not simply an isolated incident, and it was not someone in costume.
Paranormal activity has been a hot topic worldwide for decades. Horror movies, novels, and television shows have been based on myths, legends, and even stories that are claimed to be true. Many debate over the authenticity of the stories and the existence of apparitions altogether due to the popularity of these stories. Author Joe Nickell, a stage magician, private investigator, and journalist argues that his experience with apparitions proves that paranormal accounts are entirely false, specifically involving notoriously haunted hotels, inns, and other lodgings. He offers several premises to debunk the ghostly accounts of people worldwide, using quotes and analysis
I find myself lying in bed, drifting ever so closely to sleep. My body slowly numbs into a more rested state. Abruptly, I am awakened by an incredible force that is pinning my entire body down at once. It is overwhelmingly strong. My limbs wildly try to fight back only to find themselves powerless to this unseen...something...what it is I am unsure. I am physically unable to move a muscle. I try to scream. The noise won't come. I try to scream louder. Still nothing. The more I try to push it off it pushes down harder and harder on me. I am unnerved by the fact that I see nothing causing this intense pressure. I feel breathless. I wonder if I've officially lost my mind. Helplessly, I begin to realize there is nothing I can do to stop this from happening. I give in, accepting defeat. Slowly now the force begins to recede. I find myself making weird babbling noises, grabbing deliriously at my pillows and blankets. I slowly regain control of my muscle movements. And there I am. Still lying in my bed. Yet now I lay terrified, confused, and unsure of what just came over me.