A Study On Carbohydrate Metabolism

1858 WordsMar 9, 20158 Pages
Case Study #12 1. a. carbohydrate metabolism: maintain glucose levels within narrow range i. Glycolysis: converts glucose to either lactate or pyruvate to form ATP ii. Gluconeogenesis: noncarbohydrates are used to form glucose iii. Glycogenolysis: glycogen is broken down to make glucose b. protein metabolism: i. deamination and transamination of amino acids ii. synthesize urea in order to remove ammonia iii. synthesize non-essential amino acids c. lipid metabolism: i. synthesize lipoproteins ii. synthesize cholesterol and phospholipids iii. producing energy via the oxidation of triglycerides d. vitamin and mineral metabolism: i. pantothenic acid to acetyl CoA ii. converting vitamin D to its active form (calcitriol) iii. form coenzyme B12 iv. store fat-soluble vitamin and some minerals 1. zinc, iron, copper, magnesium, and B12 2. Cirrhosis of the liver is a slow progressing disease where scar tissue begins to replace the healthy tissue and impacts the functioning of the liver. This scar tissue can block blood flow, hormones, nutrients, and drugs. Many of the core functions of the liver are slowed. A MELD, or Model for End-Stage Liver Disease, score measures the risk of mortality or the severity for people with this disease. The MELD score takes into account the patient’s serum bilirubin, serum creatinine, and prothrombin time. The score can range from 6 (less severe) to 40 (very severe). This patient’s score is a 23. This puts the patient at a moderate severity and a 19.6%
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