Absolutism and Constitutionalism Essay

2759 Words Mar 17th, 2013 12 Pages
1. Why did monarchs in the late 16th/early 17th centuries need new sources of income?
Why did monarchs wish to get their income without the permission of the nobility?
2. Explain the role that each of the following played in the failure of England achieving absolutism, as well as the success of the French:
England France
· Religion - Religion
· Parliament/Tradition - Estates General
· Personalities of Leaders - Personalities of Leaders
· Trust of Nobility - Trust of nobility 3. Henry IV came to the throne and helped to end
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Summarize the many religious complaints that were raised against King James I. In defending the episcopacy, what did James mean when he retorted “No bishops, no king (pg. 452).”- James viewed the proposal to replace bishops with presbyteries as an attempt to diminish his power in the church so he quoted that.
3. What actions led Parliament force Charles I to accept the Petition of Right? How would Charles I have attempted to defend himself and his actions? What freedoms did the Petition guarantee?-disputes between Parliament and King Charles I over the execution of the Thirty Years’ War, Parliament refused to grant subsidies to support the war effort, leading to Charles gathering "forced loans" without Parliamentary approval and arbitrarily imprisoning those who refused to pay. The Petition guaranteed restrictions on non-Parliamentary taxation, forced billeting of soldiers, imprisonment without cause, and restricts the use of martial law.
4. Why did Parliament not meet between 1629 and 1640? Describe the circumstances that required their meeting in 1640.- The Triennial Act was intended to prevent kings from ruling without Parliament, as Charles had done between 1629-1640. The act required that Parliament meet for at least a fifty-day session once every three years.

5. Create a timeline using the following terms, explaining what each is and how the terms relate to one-another.
· Short Parliament

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