Adult Learning Theories Used Throughout The Learning Process

1562 WordsApr 24, 20167 Pages
Throughout our lives we experience new and effective ways of learning each and every day. For parents, teaching their children right from wrong and how to live in everyday life is one of the most important aspects of parenthood. The non-formal learning event I attended was an instructor lead program for parents who were wanted to , focusing on self-control and confidence-building for both parent and child, but the purpose of my attendance was to study the adult learning theories used throughout the learning process. Observational Learning The first learning theory I noticed being used by the instructors was observational learning, which is learning by the experience of others. We can learn a lot of things through observational…show more content…
An observation activity was done during the program in which one of the parents was angry with their frustrated child for yelling inside, but at the same time while the parent was upset, they were yelling themselves. If the adult models yelling when angry, and then punishes the child when she yells in anger, the adult is not taking into consideration observational learning theory. Social Cognitive Theory Social Cognitive Theory’s basic premise is that humans are motivated to engage in different activities due to cognitive processes that use information resulting either from personal action or from the observed actions of others (Ponton 2000). The instructor didn’t necessarily outline this theory entirely, but some of the key points were made on the concepts of self-regulation and self-reflection. According to Nancy Rhea, self-regulation enables a person to select and manage pertinent activities in order to realize goals. This is essential throughout parenthood because having the ability to manage disruptive emotions and impulses, and to think before you react can assist in stopping unhelpful behavior. The other concept, self-reflection, “refers to a person 's ability to think about the consequences of past experiences, thereby shaping subsequent beliefs, attitudes, intentions, and behaviors” (Bandura 1986).  Self-Efficacy Throughout the sessions we were reminded to never be too hard on ourselves and life has its ups and downs but you must always believe in
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