Agriculture Sector in India: Trends, Issues and Challenges

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| | | Importance of Agriculture Sector in Economic Growth in India - Trends, Issues and Challenges | | | Submitted to - | Prof. Rudra Sensarma | | Submitted By – Ajanta Nag - EEPGM-11C-001Ashish Katariya - EPGP-04C-017Debangshu Datta - EPGP-04C-029Hari Akkavajhula - EPGP-04C-037Rajesh Solanki - EPGP-04C-076Tarun Kumar - EPGP-04C-103 | Table of Contents Introduction 2 Objective 3 Performance of agriculture sector in india 3 Government policies in agriculture sector 6 suggestions–new policy measure to help agriculture sector 7 Conclusion 8 References 9 Introduction Agriculture is a critical sector of the Indian economy. Though manufacturing and service sector industries gained…show more content…
This is followed by about 18 percent small holdings (1-2 ha.), about 16 percent medium holdings (more than 2 to less than 10 ha.) and less than 1 percent large holdings (10 ha. and above).”(Reference #3) Source: Department of Agriculture and Cooperation, Agricultural Census Division, Ministry of Agriculture. Figure 2: Average size (ha) of holdings as per different Agriculture Census Because of increasing population, land fragmentation is increasing which is reducing availability of cultivated land area per household. Added to this, because increasing challenges in agriculture sector, this remains to be least contributor of employment opportunities in rural areas. Because of this additional employment opportunities in the non-farm and manufacturing sector (especially in agro based rural industries) have to be created. Because of this, people have to enhance their skills in corresponding sectors to gain employment. This way, more and more employment opportunities can be created which will be useful in making agriculture practical in a sustainable manner. Figure 3: Farms in rural India. Most farms in India are small plots such as in this image. “The growth performance of the agriculture sector has been fluctuating across the plan periods (Fig 4). It witnessed a growth rate of 4.8 per cent during the Eighth
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