Ambiguity In John Steinbeck's The Golden State

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The concept of ambiguity had not been prevalent in society until the inception of the 20th century. Its presence has always been subtle, but its impact can lead students and scholars down to roads of new ideologies and even result in challenging the current standards of society. Ambiguity is the “quality of being open to more than one interpretation,” and thus, it forces us to remain open-minded. Authors and artists such as Steinbeck, Didion, Kingston, Thiebaud, Shepard, and everyone else we have encountered incorporate ambiguity as a way to provoke the reader and open up conversations regarding the current state of California. Despite all the opportunities available in The Golden State, it is indisputable that it is a placed filled with uncertainties. California, as a landmass, is filled with rustic and natural beauty, yet for the past decades, it has not seen anything other than industrialization. The state is a sanctuary for immigrants, yet they are discriminated and deported. Laborers arrived, motivated to find work, but often found themselves exploited and worked to the bone. African Americans established communities where they share their culture and values, but are mocked and in turn, encounter institutionalized racism. So despite the opportunities that this state promises, California is still paradoxical. To truly comprehend this notion, we can look at texts such as In Dubious Battle by John Steinbeck and True West by Sam Shepard as examples, and artwork such as

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