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America In Cambodia

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Research Paper: America in Cambodia The international affairs and the involvement of America during the Vietnam War was one of the greatest involvements in American history. Not only was America involved with Vietnamese affairs, but the U.S. was also involved in Cambodian affairs as well. The historical relevance of Cambodia is often overlooked when discussing the war as a whole. The events in Cambodia were events marked in history as side effects of the Vietnam War; however, Cambodia is more that just a side effect of the war. The secret bombings, the great Pol Pot genocide, the killing fields and the strict communist society that developed should not be marked as a mere side effect of Vietnam War history. The documentation and the reportings…show more content…
government to persuade the country of Cambodia to relieve their state of neutrality and stand as an anti-Communist force (Williams et al. 284). Breaking the neutrality of Cambodia, would allow America to conduct legal military action against Viet Cong forces residing on the borders of Cambodia. If Cambodia were to continue its state of neutrality, then the neighboring communist forces of North Vietnam would be able to illegally support themselves via neutral Cambodian land; a land that cannot be touched by the U.S. military (Drivas 137). By gaining the trust of Cambodia and converting them to an anti-Communist country, the American government believed they would be able to continue their pursuit in eliminating Viet Cong forces and searching for the central communist party headquarters of South Vietnam, COSVN (Central Office for South Vietnam), supposedly located in Cambodia (Starr 139). However, this idea would be hindered by a few factors regarding the unsteady international relationship between both countries. During the war, Cambodia’s leader, Prince Norodom Sihanouk, was very firm about keeping Cambodia a neutral country. With Cambodia’s lack of contribution to the anti-Communist forces, the American government had no legal way to eliminate Viet Cong communists residing on the border of Cambodia. The U.S. government was still steadfast in persuading the country to be anti-Communist, but Cambodia stood…show more content…
But in the following year, the secret bombings were exposed to the public, which brought controversy in America (William et al. 287). Some viewed Nixon’s actions as a “...Violation of international law” (Williams et al. 287). Nixon had illegally bombed a neutral country, without the consent of the Cambodian government or the consent of Congress; therefore, making Nixon’s actions unacceptable to most of the American public. However, these actions should have been deemed as acceptable according to Nixon’s Administration because: “The President was acting under his Constitutional authority as Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces to assure the security of the troops under his command, and also under his Constitutional authority as Chief Executive for the conduct of foreign affairs” (Williams et al. 287). The Administration argued that Nixon had the right to do as he did for the good of the American troops, as well as for the good of the Cambodian people (Williams et al. 287). But in actuality, the bombings were perhaps one of the greatest factors leading to the rise of one of the worst communist groups in history, the Khmer Rouge. “... The almost constant thunder of the American bombing, which the population has become injured to, has been joined by the sound of small-arms fire along the city’s perimeter and, on one occasion, rockets and
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