American Indian Culture : Gambling

2358 Words Jul 16th, 2015 10 Pages
American Indian culture included gambling for many centuries. More than 100 tribes were known to play different versions of dice games before the Europeans settled in the United States. In the United States, gambling on Indian reservations has become quite common. There are 225 tribes in 28 states who operate some sort of gaming facility. Gambling on reservations was initially established to promote economic development in order to increase the standard of living. It was seen as a way to increase income on poverty-stricken reservations. (Momper 2010)
Tribes are responsible for managing social services, health and education, housing and legal issues, natural resources and gaming establishments. Casino profits are generally used to fund educational and social services programs for the tribe. (Momper and Jackson 2007)
The Florida Seminole tribe began the Native American gaming Journey by establishing the first high-stakes bingo hall in North America. The revenues received from the bingo hall have significantly changed tribal members’ lives. They have built charter schools, health care centers and other cultural programs to protect their endangered culture. (Cattelino 2010)
The Indian Gaming Regulatory Act (IGRA), passed in 1988, gave Native American tribes in the United States permission to institute gambling and gaming facilities on their reservations. The reservations, however, were required to be located in states that already allowed legalized gambling. Many states and…
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