An Ad-hoc Network: Individual Devices Communicating with Each Other

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An ad-hoc network is a network that is composed of individual devices communicating with each other directly. The term implies spontaneous or impromptu construction because these networks often bypass the gatekeeping hardware or central access point such as a router. Many ad-hoc networks are local area networks where computers or other devices are enabled to send data directly to one another rather than going through a centralized access point. The idea of an ad hoc network is often unfamiliar to end users who have only seen small residential or business networks that use a typical router to send wireless signals to individual computers. However, the ad hoc network is being used quite a bit in new types of wireless engineering, although …show more content…

The major drawback of these approaches is that the maintenance of unused paths may occupy an important part of the available bandwidth if the topology changes frequently [2]. In on-demand or reactive routing protocols, the routes are created on requirement basis. To find a path from source to destination, it invokes the route discovery mechanisms. Only the routes that are currently in use are maintained, thereby maintaining low control overhead and reducing the network load since a small subset of all available routes is in use at any time [1]. Existing routing protocols in ad-hoc networks utilize the single route that is built for source and destination node pair. Due to node mobility, node failures nad the dynamic characteristics of the radio channel, links in a route may become temporarily unavailable, making the route invalid [2]. The overhead of finding alternative routes mounts along with additional packet delivery delay. This problem can be solved by use of multiple paths between source and destination node pairs, where one route can be used as the primary route and the rest as backup. Performance can be adversely affected by high route discovery in dynamic networks. This can be reduced by computing multiple paths in a single route discovery attempt. Multiple paths can be formed for both traffic sources and intermediate nodes with new routes being dicovered only when needed, reducing route discovey latency and routing overheads [1]. Multiple paths

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