An Emphasis on Black Youth in America, Kojo A.Dei,in's book ‘Ties That Bind: Youth and Drugs in a Black Community

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Juvenile Delinquency Kojo A.Dei,in his book ‘Ties That Bind: Youth and Drugs in a Black Community’, has given insight in to an important aspect and concern that faces the US in this era. Emphasizing on the black youth in America, Dei gives the relationship of the black youth with the drugs, the influences of society and the cultural influences that build those relationships. As is given Dei’s vivid presentation of the portraits of five youths—the emic point of view—reveals individual thought processes that shape behavior and attitudes. Ties That Bind is not about despised antisocial individuals whose morals are debased. Instead, it is about people who are attempting to achieve success as members of their family, their community, and the …show more content…

This group differs from the Brothers in that they are white, with the exception of two members and form a distinctive subculture that participates in the “underground world” of addiction, drug trafficking, and other illegal activity. The Hangers are also not interested in succeeding within the educational system, show patterns of aggressive behavior toward others, hold various racist attitudes and beliefs. After his first stint with the Hallway Hangers, MacLeod asserts, “In the eyes of the Hallway Hangers, the opportunity structure is not open, a view that prevents them from accepting their position and the inequalities of the social order as completely legitimate” (p. 121). Not to his surprise, Macleod finds the Hangers eight years later undereducated, imprisoned, unemployed, and resistant to a system or societal structure they see no future in”. Thus, in comparison to the “seven Brothers, who are black except for one person and also reside in Clarendon Heights, refuse to submit to the Hangers lifestyle in the hope that hard work will pay off in the form of economic opportunity. In agreement with the “achievement ideology” the Brothers look to excel in school and sports and are compliant with the structure and ideals of dominant society by “accommodating themselves to accepted standards of behavior and striving to fulfill socially approved roles” (p.

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