In Plato’s Republic, we read about the “Allegory of the Cave.” The prisoners in the story are relevant to anyone in today’s society who is unable to question anything they see or hear. Those who embrace anything they are told, as the truth, without the use of fact-finding questions, is an example of the relevance in today’s world. Plato’s cave is an allegory of education; it explains how we see things before we are necessarily educated about them and how one would incorporate our actions after having that knowledge.
In The Republic, Socrates poses two different views on education. “Socrates uses numerous varying and often conflicting ideas and images (among which is the first account of education) to gradually guide his pupils toward a personal realization of knowledge and philosophy.” In this paper, I will address the different views Plato writes about education. The way these views differ will be explained. The “Allegory of the Cave” will be analyzed in detail and it’s relation to education. After having the knowledge and understanding on these topics about education, I will address how this is in relation with education today, including examples. Which view better relates to our education today? Would having the knowledge or wisdom about the world have changed the prisoner’s perception of the shadows projected onto the wall?
In Books V1 and V11, Socrates and Glaucon begin to discuss the account of good, knowledge, and pleasure.
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Plato’s Republic focuses majorly on the search to find justice, but also gives a lot of attention to education and how the quality of education dictates how just a person and a society will become. Socrates spends time creating the Kallipolis in order to disprove Thrasymacus’ claim that justice is the advantage of the stronger. However, through the methodology used by Socrates to educate the citizens of the Kallipolis, he supports the claim Thrasymacus makes.
In their work, Plato and Paulo Freire have offered harsh critiques of education and learning. Plato compares people to prisoners in a cave of darkness in relation to knowledge, and Freire refers to a “Banking Concept” of education in which teachers put their thoughts and information into students’ minds much like money is deposited into a bank. Instead of this money being of value, Freire and Plato acknowledge that the value declines. Although many people refute the concept of accepting new knowledge and admission of mistakes, I claim that both Plato and Freire produce valid points about the corruption of education because people cannot learn unless they have an open mind and truly desire to learn. Ultimately, what is at stake here is the effectiveness of learning and continuing the cycle of education.
One of Plato’s more famous writings, The Allegory of the Cave, Plato outlines the story of a man who breaks free of his constraints and comes to learn of new ideas and levels of thought that exist outside of the human level of thinking. However, after having learned so many new concepts, he returns to his fellow beings and attempts to reveal his findings but is rejected and threatened with death. This dialogue is an apparent reference to his teacher’s theories in philosophy and his ultimate demise for his beliefs but is also a relation to the theory of the Divided Line. This essay will analyze major points in The Allegory of the Cave and see how it relates to the Theory of the Divided Line. Also, this
In Socrates’ mind education is not simply an information exchange; rather it is a painful experience, since all that one had previously believed is typically wrong. This painful experience can be seen as the “philosopher” turns around and stares into the light and eventually learning that everything he had experienced in life were just shadows.
In Plato’s Republic, as well as in most of his other works, the philosopher writes dialogues between the character of his mentor, Socrates, and various figures meant to illustrate contradictory positions. He carefully scripts the engagements in a form of discussion now called the Socratic Method, where Socrates critiques the positions of the other characters in order to find flaws in inaccurate arguments. Although this method is prevalent even today, I will make the case that even when Plato himself is using it, the Socratic Method, while not without benefits, is an extremely flawed way of conducting educational discourse.
In the allegory of the cave Plato tries to show us two scenarios where the prisoners experience emotional and intellectual revelations throughout their lives. Plato’s theory was that the ones who truly understand knowledge should guide the ignorant people out of their unenlightened states of being and into true knowledge. The cave symbolizes the people who think that knowledge come from what they see and hear in the world. It also indicates people that make assumptions about life based on the substantial things they experience through hearing and seeing. Plato’s main focus was to convey a story to the world about the difference between beliefs and truth. Anyone can believe in something they see, but that belief is really just a shadow of the truth.
Plato’s iconic “Parable of the Cave” explores the give and take of knowledge and freedom. The story touches on enlightenment, the overwhelming fear of the unknown, and if it is even possible to gain the knowledge that brings liberation. Throughout the story, the reader is essentially faced with the question of if knowledge is power, or ignorance is bliss.
In “The Allegory of the Cave”, Plato proposes several timeless concepts that are still relevant today. Among these concepts, is the idea that self-actualization serves to better help others in our society (creating an obligation for those who are knowledgeable to teach those who are less knowledgeable). Like Plato, I believe it’s every person’s responsibility to educate others despite the possibility of being ridiculed. If no one teaches those who are ignorant and keeps all the information to themselves, consequently no one will ever expand their knowledge. Moreover, the more you know, the wiser decisions you’ll be able to make in the future. Learning from others will also result in being able to form better opinions, and your own perspective on topics. As Francis Bacon once said, “Knowledge is power”.
In the Allegory of the Cave, Plato portrays a story of prisoners in a cave. The prisoners are facing the wall and chained at the back of the cave. They have spent a lifetime in the cave as prisoners, restrained in a position that they cannot move their heads and look around. At the entrance of the cave, there is a fire, which has puppeteers in front holding objects up in order to have their shadows appear on the back wall of the cave. The shadows remain perceived by the prisoners as actual objects.
A topic that has circulated in the minds of many for centuries, is the idea of education and the proper ways to go about applying it. In more than one way, education has had a major part in forming the structure of history and the molding of human beings from the very beginning. The philosophical journey as conveyed in Plato’s Republic, begins to utilize the concepts of justice, injustice, virtue, and apply them to the foundations of education for human beings in the ideal society. Plato tells of the account of Socrates during the discussion between Glaucon, Thrasymachus, Polemarchus, and Adeimantus on the definition of justice
Society's greatest accomplishments are often attributed to a select few, while most members simply witness this greatness as a privilege in their lives. Many modern works of science and art are taken for granted, their benefits barely seen as conveniences. This entitled point of view ignores society's most basic privilege of all, being knowledge. In Plato's The Allegory of the Cave, society is examined from a more existential
The Allegory of the Cave ties in with our world and society we live in today in many ways. One way would be that our world we live in values education a lot, more than a lot of things. In Plato: “Allegory of the Cave” the prisoners value education just as much as we do in the modern century. The prisoners praise one another if they guess the right shadow that is going to be displayed. If they guess the wrong shadow then they make fun of one another. As they sit there in the little cave for most of their life they do not really understand or know what education is but they do think the shadow game makes them smarter than the other prisoners. The prisoners think the shadows are real so they feel smart when they guess right as to what they are.
Imagine what you believe and think to be true is not really true. Now imagine that the things you think, your ideas, and your values are not really yours either. Most would find this preposterous, and likely say something along the lines of “of course my thoughts are my own,” or “what is this The Matrix?” However, that is exactly the truth of what is happening in the world today. We are constantly being fed what the media, government, and others want us to think, and we absorb it like a sponge with not asking the basic question: is this true? We are surrounded by modern conveniences and technology that is an awesome tool for learning and research, but most people take these tools for granted and let the information they read or watch fill their minds without investigating the source, or coming to a conclusion of their own.
Plato enunciated his theory of education in The Republic that knowledge would allow the person to be guided towards the right desires and would lead to understanding the distinction between forms and appearances with use of the allegory of the cave. He continued his point by explaining how this distinction was prevalent in the study of mathematics, which he considered to be a prerequisite for studying philosophy, and using the knowledge gained to understand complex ideas such as what justice meant. Although this belief also explained how a society was able to achieve one of the four virtues and ultimately reach harmony, it was scrutinized by fellow brilliant minds such as the sophist Thrasymachus, who challenged his theory of justice by stating that it was made to benefit the guardian class and did not attempt to make it fair for the members of the auxiliary or producer class. Plato’s teacher, Socrates, attempted to refute the sophist’s claim in regards to justice, but was unable to provide a satisfactory response to his argument meaning that it was a flawed idea.
Education is a transfer of knowledge from one generation to another. Some societies have oral traditions while others transfer the knowledge by written works. In Plato’s Republic, for Socrates the education system is structured in two major parts: the education of the mind and character and the physical training. For Socrates, truth, justice, and goodness are the main principles for a utopic society. Indeed, for him the truth is universal and therefore in order to have a perfect utopic society it community should be dedicated and based on truth. In fact, in this imaginary society the educational system is an oral transfer of knowledge, which is based on trues stories and fiction. The Republic shows that in this imaginary society the education is strictly control and does not portray any of the three principles of a utopic society. The educational system of The republic demonstrates that nothing is utopic in this imaginary society.