Human is not the lord of the being, but the sheep of the Being. This is one way to describe Heidegger’s philosophy of ‘thrownness’. When people are “thrown” into situations, they feel that it does not have a pattern. Life is a perfect example of this philosophy. In the novel, ‘The Stranger’, by Albert Camus, the author creates an absurd anti-hero in Meursault to demonstrate that, because life is random and inexplicable one has to acknowledge that they don’t have control over events that transpire and that only with hope can one can contribute meaning to a meaningless existence. The randomness of life is demonstrated through the events in Meursault’s life. Meursault is thrown into the situation where he is given a promotion by his boss. …show more content…
All the preceding events eventually led to Meursault murdering the Arab. Since Meursault had helped Raymond deal with his girlfriend and sort out the situation, Raymond decided to call Meursault over to hang out at a friend’s beach house(40). Meursault accepted the offer, in turn, meaning he was thrust into the situation where they had to deal with the Arabs that had been following Raymond and him. These events eventually led to Meursault shooting one of the Arabs. If Meursault had not gone to dinner with Raymond, none of this would have happened. Thus, this shows how random life is. Even if Meursault wanted to control the events that were happening, he would not have been able to due to the randomness of the events. The events that transpired just before Meursault killed the Arab also show the haphazardness of the situation. Just when Meursault was about to reach the house he starts thinking how “to stay or to go, it amounted to the same thing.”, after which he starts walking toward the beach again (57). Meursault believes that his actions don’t affect the result, thus he does not think twice before he chooses to walk toward the beach again. It is the randomness that, in the end, causes him killing the Arab. Only if he had hope that walking to the house would have fewer repercussions, he would not have committed the homicide. The fickleness of life is what caused the events in Meursault’s life to occur as they did. However, hope is what can help create
Click here to unlock this and over one million essaysGet Access
Meursault is psychologically detached from the world around him. Things that would seem to be very significant for most people, such as a marriage or a parent’s death, do not matter to him. He shot a guy 4 times even though the guy had died after one shot. Even though he killed a guy for no reason, I do not think Meursault deserved to be executed. Instead I believe he needs help with his thinking and emotions because his mindset thinks that killing someone doesn't matter due to the fact that everyone dies.
Flat characters play a significant role in all novels. For instance, the brother of Raymond’s mistress is a key flat character. The Arab never grows throughout the novel; rather, he remains a stalker, stalking his prey, tempting a fight. Without the role of the Arab, Meursault, would never have gone to prison, and never be tried for murder.
To begin, Meursault was sent to jail for shooting an Arab man while at the beach with a few friends and Marie. Upon entering the jail, Meursault was stripped of his favorite pleasures such as smoking cigarettes, having sex, and walking along the beach. After befriending a prison guard, Meursault began to understand his punishment was his loss of free will. After a short withdraw period from thinking like a free man to thinking like a prisoner, (Camus, The Stranger, 77) Meursault’s perspective on prison begins to shift, if “…[he] had gotten used to not smoking”, it was no longer a “punishment” for him (Camus, The Stranger, 78). Meursault realizes he can adapt to any situation because he “often thought if [he] had to live in the trunk of a dead tree, with nothing to do…[he] would have gotten used to it” (Camus, The Stanger, 77). He starts to deplete himself of boredom by entertaining mind, reliving enjoyable memories, fantasizing about sex with women, and mentally redecorating his apartment. This allowed Meursault to not think about time and adjust to his new way of life in jail as if he was living in that dead tree trunk. After spending a “pleasant” year in jail, Meursault’s case was settled and he was sentenced to death. Since Meursault was an atheist, he denied seeing the Chaplin three times. He did not wish to talk to the Chaplin because “All [he] could think about was escaping the machinery of justice…” (Camus, The Stranger, 108). Shortly before his death date, Meursault had the chance to speak with the Chaplin. Meursault told the Chaplin that earth was not
In the novel, The Stranger by Albert Camus, Meursault the protagonist, becomes drawn into a “senseless” murder that has to face the absurdity of life and because of his actions, Meursault is presented as a danger due to his lack of “morality” to society. Meursault who is not able to take control of his life but respond to what life offers him believes in the simplicity of life. He tries to understand the living through logic and objectivity, which ultimately turns futile, as he himself cannot maintain proper control over his thoughts and emotions. From the interactions between Marie, to the murder of the Arab, and the meeting with the Chaplain, Meursault overcomes his indifferent views to form an opinion about what life really means. The central theme presented by Camus is how the threat of mortality becomes a catalyst for understanding the significance of life.
The major theme in the Stranger is “absurdism”. In the Stranger, the main settings are: Meursault’s home, the beach where the Arab was murdered, the courthouse, and eventually jail. The Stranger is taken place in Algeria in the 1940’s. The prosecutor characterizes Meursault as a murderer, as a monster. In page one hundred and two, the prosecutor states: “ For if in the course of what has been a long career I have strongly as today have I felt this painful duty made sacred imperative and by the horror I feel when I look into a man’s face and all I see is a monster.”
Meursault is not adventurous and ambitious. Meursault is a person who lacks any ambition to accomplish anything in life. When he is offered a position in a new office to be opened by his boss in Paris, Meursault replies that it is all the same to him. In addition when Marie asks Meursault if he wants to marry her, he says that it does not make any meaning that he has no feelings for her. He lives a non-adventurous life and does not care about others. Heroes are adventurous, but Meursault is
Meursault is the protagonist of “The Stranger”. Meursault committed murder. He shot an Arabian man a series of five times; first firing one of the bullets and pausing, he shot four more continuous shots. He knew the first shot did the Arab in, but continue with irrational thought.
His encounter with the Arab shows how the presence of other people in his life makes absolutely no impression on him. Taking the Arab’s life was something he did as a natural reaction, he pulled the trigger thinking it was justified where as any normal human being would think other wise. Once on trial, Meursault constantly observed the people in the courtroom as if he had no idea of how the rest of society lived. Every thing he saw was new to him and it brought him a feeling of excitement, as if he was enjoying being on trial. Fear only came after his verdict. He didn’t even consider his fate early on in the trial because he was in awe of the rest of society; their behaviors and actions were all new to him. In chapter three part two Meursault explained this by saying:
Meursault was introduced as a young man whom recently found out his mother, Maman, died. He was not the most emotional person, but he dealt with his feelings the best he knew how. Meursault lived his life on the verge of truth and honesty. He was honest within every aspect of life, from women to freedom. He was never certain about anything in life ,but one thing he was sure of, death was inevitable. After murdering an Arab, he was on trial in front of many people being interrogated with many questions about why he did what he did, but also to evaluate his psyche about the situation. Unlike others, Meursault did not hide from the truth and that is what others could not cope with. Living his life the way others were afraid to, Meursault was the outcast in his society.
The novel The Stranger is a first-person account of the life of M. Meursault from the time of his mother 's death up to a time evidently just before his execution for the murder of an Arab. It was written by Albert Camus in 1942. Meursault however, is not your typical hero of a story; rather an antihero. He is neither good nor bad, and harbors no emotion. He goes through his life with a preconceived notion that human existence has no meaning, besides to enjoy the immediate and physical. Told through the singular viewpoint of Meursault, the entire plot is based on a series of consecutive accidental events that lead to him being tried for murder and facing the death penalty. It is widely accepted that The Stranger is a philosophical book, imposing the existential ideas of Albert Camus upon the reader. On top of that though, the book offers a unique idea to its readers: The idea that the universe and its happenings are uncontrollable, society tries to rationalize people’s actions and the events going on around them. To truly be happy, humans must seize the opportunity to live by their own free will: living on one’s own terms as a human with choice.
When he returns home to Algiers, Meursault carries on with life as normal. Over dinner one evening, his neighbor Raymond tells of his desire to punish his mistress for infidelity, and asks Meursault to write a letter to the mistress for him. Meursault agrees, saying "I tried my best to please Raymond because I didn’t have any reason not to please him" (32). While Raymond is a man of questionable morals, he acts with purpose. Meursault, on the other hand, acts with mostly passive indifference, doing things simply because he doesn’t have a reason not to do them.
Meursault in all his peculiarness could not have made for a more dulling, yet interesting character. From the beginning when he doesn’t cry at his mother’s funeral to the moment we figure out why his story is very compelling to read though numbing. The height of the story starts, when his nonchalant attitude gets him involved with the wrong people by writing a letter to some girl for a friend, both of which, he could probably care less about; the climax then occurs when on a happy day, on a beach with his “fiance”, Raymond, Masson, and his wife. The Arab men come in contact with him and cut up Raymond for what he did but neglect to leave the beach while Meursault and his group do. Later, then, for no apparent reason he leaves the house with the gun to go have a talk with the Arab with the knife on the
Instead, Meursault is someone who whimpers away from society’s eyes so he can make his own choices. He does make his own choices by shooting the man several times. At that moment, it was not fate that pushed him to make his choice, but his own rational thinking that would tell him to do such an act, and follow this path that he created
“Life has to be given a meaning because of the obvious fact that it has no meaning.” Henry Miller