The P.A.T.H. to the Million Man March The Million Man March (MMM) has its uniqueness which can be captured in one word P.A.T.H. Each letter within P.A.T.H. is explained which, in their entirety, capture the essence of the MMM:
Plan (P) If the Million Man March was about establishing a plan to move forward, then, we found it. I refer to this as “Finding First Gear”. The event was a deliberate effort to move forward. However, it appears to many that there was no “master plan.” Although a very relevant and significant event, many were confused. What would we return home and say or do? Did the money follow us back to our communities? What was our next series of action steps? What one or two things that we could take back with us from …show more content…
We found ourselves in an “ocean of humanity.” When one would look at the many men, an ocean of humanity. Hope was readily apparent in the faces, the hearts and the minds of all those in attendance. My mom has always told me to “Don’t lose your reason in your season; take action in the moment, even when the road is not clear or the sky is still dark, make use of your moments. In other word, move ahead on hope when an opportunity presents itself. Don’t wait on the bus of life to come along your road again, as it may only run once in a life time. Reach out when the opportunity is within reach. As we have learned from our history as Black Americans, it is the “fear” that fades our power; whether real power or the perception of power. However, in the moment, those of us in attendance, it was the spirit of the moment that carried us. We could hear hundreds of thousands Black men chanting, “Long live the spirit of the Million Man March.” And, of course, it was hope that fueled the spirit. It was also “hope” that guided our camaraderie on the road during our travel to Washington, D.C. It was hope that keep the peace along the journey as hundreds of Black men met along the way in McDonalds and other fast foods restaurants along the way to Washington, D.C. In other words, it was the spirit of brotherhood that made people socialize and extend a helping hand along the
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The marchers gathered at the Washington Monument before dawn as planned on August 28, 1963. At 11:30, 100,000 to 200,000 of them began marching towards the Lincoln Memorial singing “We Shall Overcome” (“The March on Washington” 12). At the memorial, Martin Luther King Jr. delivered multiple speeches along with other African Americans about segregation and discrimination issues. During one of his speeches, King Jr. declared that “we will not hate you, but we cannot obey your unjust laws. Do to us what you will and we will still love you…But we will soon wear you down by our capacity to suffer. And in winning our freedom, we will so appeal to your heart and conscience, that we will win you in the process” (“Negro Protest Movement” 507). This statement by King Jr. describes his plans of further nonviolent protesting against “unjust laws” to convince others of the civil rights movement’s cause. He furthers this statement and elaborates his ideas in his infamous speech, “I Have a Dream.”
The message read by millions of people back in the 1960’s was plenty enough to get more people to join the cause. In the March on Washington, of the quarter-million people who marched, a third of them were white, an estimate of 83,300 people. During the march, one New Yorker made 80,000 cheese sandwiches to distribute to the crowd, and one man, Ledger Smithe, roller skated 700 miles from Chicago to join in the
Referring to “vaults of opportunity… riches of freedom and the security of justice”, Martin Luther King Jr. intelligently and metaphorically expresses how valuable equality is for African American citizens (King Jr. 2). After speaking out about injustice and lies, his discourse changes as it comes to an end. King Jr. focuses more on the unification of the nation instead of focusing only on African Americans. He faithfully believes the nation can “transform…. Into a beautiful symphony of brotherhood” (King Jr. 5). Highly contrasting from his first metaphors, the audience is provided a sense of peace and faith. Martin Luther King Jr. used many metaphors to mold the hearts of the audience and persuade them to believe in the civil rights movement.
The March on Washington was a march for jobs and freedom. It was estimated that quarter of a million people attended the march. The march was a peaceful demonstration to promote civil rights and economic equality for African Americans. The marchers marched down Constitution and Independence Avenues. Then they gathered in front of the Lincoln monument for speeches, songs, and prayers. It was televised to millions of people.
Throughout the book of March the people of color are continuously fighting for equal rights. Even when they are faced with countless acts of violence they continue to fight back but in non-violent ways such as Marches. Even when there seems like there is no light at the end of the tunnel John Lewis along with many of his peers also known as the SNCC(Student Nonviolent Reconciliation Commitee) begin to see results. Slowly but surely it all pays off in the end when people start to realize the segregation between races is not only morally wrong but also against the law. There are many different marches/ sit-ins throughout the book but the most important ones begin on...
250,000 black and white Americans converged on the nation’s capital for the March on Washington, often considered the high point of the nonviolent civil rights movement. Organized by a coalition of civil rights, labor, and church organizations led by Phillip Randolph, the black unionist who had threatened a similar march, it was the largest public demonstration in the nation’s history at that time. Calls for the passage of a civil rights bill pending before Congress took center stage. The march’s goals also included a public-works program to reduce unemployment, an increase in the minimum wage,
The march on Washington in August, 1963 was lead by Martin Luther King Jr. Around 250,000 people joined this march and gathered around the Lincoln Memorial. This march was planned to raise awareness about continuing difficulties that African Americans faced everyday even a century after they were emancipated. This protest is where King made is very important and iconic I Have A Dream speech.
I arrived at 6 p.m. at Place Émilie-Gamelin as the crowd was still getting organized. There was a buzz of energy in the air. There were around 400 people gathered for the march from a
By 1965, the United States of America was almost in chaos due to the Civil Rights Movement, and it’s often violence responses. However, on March 15 of that year, President Lyndon Baines Johnson spoke to the members of Congress about the importance of Civil Rights not only to him, but to the principles of the Constitution and everything this country stands for. Johnson also briefly spoke of and explained the bill he planned to present in order to ensure that African Americans can exercise their Constitutional right to vote. The speech, called “We Shall Overcome,” was not only very effective with its use of ethos, logos, and pathos, but was also very effective in its overall purpose, an argument that no American citizen should be denied their rights due to the color of their skin.
This Is the Day: The March on Washington is a magnificent book by Leonard Freed documenting the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom was held at the National Mall in Washington D.C. on August 28, 1963. This was a non-violent march sponsored by several civil rights organizations – leaders of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), The Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, the Congress on Racial Equality (CORE), the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), and the Urban League -- to help push Congress to pass President John F. Kennedy’s civil rights bill. This March main focus was on jobs and black unemployment, not just on the new civil rights law.
Beginning with the moment Stokely Carmichael issued his call for Black Power during the “March Against Fear” in June of 1966, people have agreed to disagree about the implications of the term and its relevance to the ongoing struggle for racial equality. Since that time, scholars, pundits, and the public have shared their various interpretations of the event/term and its long-term implications. While some of these statements were better informed than others, few people in 1966 would have suggested that the call for Black Power was not a clear departure from the previous phase of the struggle for civil rights, with which most Americans, thanks to the broad media attention it received, had been fairly familiar. Over the following years, the media’s focus shifted toward the photogenic yet
Many decisions had to be made when approaching discrimination and segregation; many wanted this to end. The debate on what was best to approach the dangers of fighting for what you believed was weighed down to two options; violent protests or nonviolent protests. In the graphic novel titled “March” written and experienced by John Lewis himself with designs by Nate Powell, depicts the struggles of civil rights and the fight to earn it. The novel goes off to show mostly nonviolent protests, but outside of the novel during the 1960’s depicts and describes a different approach; Violent and free Protests. Two of the most impactful civil rights leaders Malcolm X and Stokely Carmichael despised the clean and peaceful protests as they thought it was
On the night of February 18, 1956, an African American man named Jimmy Jackson took place in a peaceful march to protest discrimination, specifically in voting rights, in the United States. He and a group of protesters were attacked by police that night, and the young activist’s life was cut short when he was shot in the stomach by a state trooper.1 This tragic tale was common during the Civil Rights Movement, yet it was this specific story that sparked outrage in activists across the United States. While there were many influential speeches given during the Civil Rights Movement, one could argue that the We Shall Overcome2 speech is one of the most significant. This speech was addressed to Congress and was given by the 36th United States President Lyndon B. Johnson on March 16, 1965.3 It is significant because it is credited with persuading Congress to pass the Voting Rights Act that gave African American citizens the
The historic march on Washington was a call of humanity to the world. It was a turning point in the American history after the abolishing of slavery. African American women struggled for justice and equality to be given to all mankind but, unfortunately, women were forgotten. They were stripped of all their rights, when men got all the benefit. African American men, who supposed to be their nature supporters and protectors, also turned their back at them. Women found themselves all alone facing the society constraints that were hemmed upon them. Despite the significant contribution women made toward the struggle for equal right, they had no representation in most of the March activities and their issues were not addressed. They were concerned that they would not get their fair share benefits from the struggle.
At the end of the ceremonies of the march at the Lincoln Memorial, a pledge was said, reciting the pledge the crowd swore to "complete personal commitment to the struggle for jobs and freedom for Americans" and "to carry the message of the march to my friends and neighbors back home and arouse them to an equal commitment and an equal effort” (Kensworthy 1963, p.16).