Animal Testing In Medical Research

Decent Essays

Animal Testing
Do you believe that an animal’s life has the same equal significance as a Humans life? Animal testing is used to develop lifesaving medications and treatments for humans. The research has been developing over hundreds of years. There has been many medical treatments that have benefits human life immensely. This is including cancer and HIV drugs, insulin, vaccinations and many antibiotics. On the other hand, there are many people opposed to animal testing. They believe that it is cruel and inhumane to use animals since there are many harming side effects and millions of animals die from the testing. There are a lot of down sides to animal testing and I do agree that the practices may not be completely safe for the animals but …show more content…

When testing medication on these animals you are able to see the results thought the entire life of the animal for more accurate results. Mice and rats are particularly well-suited to long term cancer research, partly because of their short lifespans. ("Animal Testing -," 2014) Since there are animals that are bred for only this reason there has been many laws put into place to protect animals from mistreatment. There are local and states laws that have always been in place. But animal research is regulated by the federal Animal Welfare Act (AWA) since 1966. This Act enforces minimum housing regulations and standards for animals (enclosure size, temperature, access to clean food and water and more), also the AWA requires regular visits and checkups with a veterinarian for all animals. The research animals are cared for by veterinarians, husbandry specialists, and animal health technicians to insure their overall well-being and more accurate findings. According to the Journal Nature Genetics, because “stressed or crowded animals can lead to unreliable search results in testing, and many phenotype are only accessible in contented animals in enriched environments, it is in the best interests of the researchers not to cut corners or to neglect welfare issues” (“Bekoff, 2007”) Some people believe that the animals …show more content…

In Vitro (in glass) testing, such as studding cell cultures in a petri dish, can produce more relevant results than animal testing because human cells can be used. There is also the option to use Micro testing, the administration of small doses, too small to cause and adverse reactions, can be used in human volunteers, whose blood can then be analyzed. Artificial human skin, such as the commercially available products EpiDerm and
ThinCert, is made from sheets of human skin cells grown in test tubes or plastic wells and can produce more useful results than testing chemicals on animal skin. There are many reasons as to why the research done on animals may not be accurate because the anatomic, metabolic and cellular difference between animals and people which make animals poor models for human beings. (Rogers, 2007)
A big epidemic in testing is that drugs that pass animal tests are not necessarily safe for human consumption. In the 1950s the sleeping pill thalidomide, which caused 10,000 babies to be born with severe deformities, was tested on animals prior to its release. There was also the drug Vioxx for arthritis when tested it had positive response on the heart of mice, when the drug was released to humans there were more than 27,000 heart attacks and sudden cardiac deaths before being pulled from the market. (Medical Articles and Infographics, 2014)

Get Access