The aim of this report is to evaluate the application of Peplau 's theory of interpersonal relations to nursing practice. This report summarizes the origin of the theory, clarity and simplicity, significance, generalizability, research, and application to nursing practice. After examining Peplau 's theory and her basic concepts of interpersonal relations, it is apparent that it is helpful in nursing practice to encourage wellness and well-being. Origins of the Theory Personal Background Hildegard E. Peplau, the mother of psychiatric nursing, was born in Reading, Pennsylvania in 1909 (Tomey & Alligood, 2002). Born to immigrant parents, she was the second child of six children. Over the path of her life, Peplau maintained, especially close ties with her siblings, Clara, Harold, Walter, Bertha, and her foster brother John David. Her youngster experiences during the great flu epidemic influenced her view of sickness and demise of people. Peplau gave birth to Letitia Anne in 1945 but for personal reasons, she did not marry Letitia 's father, Donald McIntosh. She wrote many articles for professional journals, textbooks, and handbooks. She was initiated into the nursing hall of fame of the American Nurses Association in 1998 and received numerous honors and awards. Diagnosed with abdominal cancer, Peplau died in her sleep at her dwelling in California in 1999, at the age 89 (Tomey & Alligood, 2002). Education Background Peplau had a diploma in nursing from
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Peplau utilized both deductive and inductive reasoning in her theory development work (Reed & Shearer, 2011). The deductive reasoning methods used were that Peplau integrated ideas from a number of theories into her theory of interpersonal relations. Influenced by works of Sigmund Freud, particularly his interest in unconscious motivation as well as Harry S. Sullivan’s theory of interpersonal relations all contributed to her development of the theory of interpersonal processes in nursing, For example she refers to Sullivan’s concepts of anxiety, self-system and modes of experiencing. (Peterson & Bredow, 2017). She also incorporated into her theory some elements from developmental psychology and learning theory (Armstrong & Kelly, 1995) and some ideas of the humanistic psychologists, Abraham Maslow, Rollo May and Carl Rogers. (Peterson & Bredow, 2017). For example, Peplau’s systematic approach to establishment of nurse-patient relationship and therapeutic intervention are ideas that resonated with Martha Rogers' theoretical assumptions about human pattern and organization. (Armstrong & Kelly, 1995).
When this assignment was given out, I instantly knew exactly what relationship I wanted to analyze: my ex-boyfriend’s and my relationship. It might sound like an odd relationship to choose, seeing as he is an ex, and it might not sound like a good starting point, but let me first say he is one of my best friends right now.
The nurse also has to be aware of the nature of the nurse-patient relationship, the environment in which it takes place in, as well as an understanding of the context and the moment of the interactions in order to share a meaningful experience. Finally, nurses have to be passionate about his or her career. Nurse’s care and tend to the patients’ needs because nurses are passionate about the career. Even though the fundamental pattern of personal knowing, it provides a holistic nature of knowing. Many humanistic theories and models of nursing have been derived from personal knowing such as Peplau’s interpersonal relation theory, Kolcaba’s comfort theory, and Jean Watson’s theory of caring.
My personal definition of nursing is taking care of my patient as a whole; using my knowledge, being compassionate and caring, respectful and honest. Taking care of the; spiritual, physical and emotional aspect of the patient, and taking into consideration their family and environment. Learning about the different theorists I associate myself the most with Hildegard Peplau. Peplau believed that the relationship between the patient and the nurse was focus of attention, rather than the patient only as the unit of attention. (Chitty & Black p.314-315). Using Peplau’s theory my relationship begins with my patients as strangers and I try to
Hildegard Peplau’s middle-range theory, Interpersonal Relations, established in 1948 and highlighted the nurse-patient relationship as the groundwork of nursing practice. Peplau supports each role individually, the nurse and the patient, by ensuring that equal participation is implemented to reach a mutual goal. For example, the role of the patient reflects vulnerability and the expectation to be open to the health care providers throughout care and treatment plan. Subsequently, the nurse is supposed to facilitate a reciprocated relationship by noting the client’s behavior, defining the client’s illness, creating the most proper care for the client, understanding the physician’s treatment plan and confirming it, and intervening when required (Sue Penckofer, 2013).
Theory±practice relationship only will be offered here. The content of nurse practitioners ' discourse is the principal concern of this paper.
The interpersonal theory of nursing by Peplau was examined in accordance with Chinn and Kramer (2011). The purpose of the theory was described to improve the
Nursing theorist, Hildegard Peplau knew that in order to care for patients, the nurse must establish a strong relationship with the patient. This is an essential element in being able to provide adequate planning, diagnosing, and successfully treating patients. Personally, my desire to learn more about Peplau’s theory is because it is a very significant quality to have as a nurse. Nursing is a very interpersonal career, and by forming trusting relationships with patients early in one’s nursing practice, I can provide the best care possible to meet psychosocial needs as well as treat the present illness. The benefits that creating interpersonal relationships can have on the patients’ health condition and their planned outcomes, is also a very interesting area of focus. Many nursing students today did not understand the importance of Peplau’s theory. They choose a career in nursing because of the finical stability and wide range of options that the career offers. Overall, one cannot forget that nursing is patient centered care.
A nurse-patient relationship is the basic requirements in all practice settings. Its usage is to manage communication between an organization and a public while maintaining boundaries in the therapeutic relationship. Based on Peplau’s interpersonal theory, communication takes place in a nurse-client relationship where therapeutic process occurs involving complex factors such as environment, attitudes, practices, and beliefs in the dominant culture (seu.edu, 2015). The actions of each person in a nurse-patient relationship is measured on the collaboration of their thoughts, feelings, and experiences. Nurse’s work to attain, maintain, and restore the patient’s health until patient have fulfilled the health care needs. Patient must be guided and provided a well-respected environment until a better health and specific needs are fully considered in the relationship. In this kind of setting, nurse’s must create relationship with patients by communicating receptivity, assimilating the concepts of empathy, trust, genuineness, respect, and confidentiality into their interactions.
Question have you ever thought about the different Interpersonal Communication theories/concepts we use on a daily basis, I have thought about it long and hard to figure out how many different communication theories in our life we use or even in a favorite movie we love to watch. In this essay I will be writing an analysis paper on the movie “The Notebook its about a young man named Noah Calhoun from South Carolina he met a rich girl named Allie they fell desperately in love, but her parents don 't approve of him so when Noah goes off to serve in World War II, it seems to mark the end of their love affair. Allie becomes involved with another man, but when Noah returns to their small town years later, on the cusp of Allie 's marriage, it
By giving nurses a sense of identity, nursing theory can help patients, managers and other healthcare professionals to recognize the unique contribution that nurses make to the healthcare service (Draper 1990).Hildegard Peplau, one of the role model of nursing theorist, established a theory of interpersonal relationships in nursing. Her reason is the goal of the nurse-client relationship is to give a quality nursing care moving forward to health promotion and maintenance. The purpose of this paper is to conduct a basic assessment of her theory.
Arnold E (1999). Interpersonal Relationships: Professional Communication Skills for Nursing. 3rd Edition. Philadelphia: WB Saunders Company.
Research in the professional practice of nursing was built upon a wide variety of theories that were presented by many well-known nursing theorists. Nursing theories that may be recognized today include Florence Nightingale’s Environmental Theory, Dorothea Orem’s Self-Care Deficit Theory, Madeleine Leininger’s Cultural Care Theory, and Hildegard Peplau’s Interpersonal Process Theory. These individuals and their respective theories
Introduction According to Iyer (2010), every person that is alive is made up of cells. These cells are basically the practical component of all organisms that are known to live. Similarly, concepts are the essential components and the construction blocks of theory growth (George, 2010). As the cells begin to develop, divide, and grow into a life form that is complex, concepts (whichever experiential or abstract) when they have been examined tested and authorized with examination progresses into a body of awareness, control, or science (George, 2010). The objective for this essay is to be able to analyze and compare the essential concept descriptions of Hildegard E. Peplau's Interpersonal Relations in nursing theory and and also including that of Ida J. Orlando's theory of Nursing Process Discipline. This essay will also bring out the concept statement, philosophies, metaparadigms, and conceptual model of Madeleine M. Leininger's theory of Culture Care Diversity and Universality (also understand: Universality and Transcultural Nursing Theory and Theory of Culture Care Diversity were both being expended back and forth). This essay also talks about how and where the philosophy of Transcultural Nursing could be pertained to the nursing area. Comparison and Examination of the central ideas of Orlando's and Peplau's philosophies Peplau's concept of Interpersonal Associations in nursing and Orlando's Nursing Process