Apush Chapter 7 Outline Essay

4627 Words Sep 26th, 2014 19 Pages
Chapter Seven: The Jeffersonian Era

I. The Rise of Cultural Nationalism
A. Patterns of Education
1. Central to the Republican vision was the concept of a virtuous and enlightened citizenry.
2. Republicans believed in the establishment of a nationwide system of public schools to create the educated electorate they believe a republic required.
3. A Massachusetts law of 1789 reaffirmed the colonial laws by which each town was obligated to support a school, but there was little enforcement.
4. Schooling became primarily of private institutions, most of which were open only to those who could afford to pay for them.
5. Many were frankly aristocratic in outlook, training their students to become members of the nation’s elite.
6. In
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3. Deists, including Jefferson and Franklin, accepted the existence of God, but considered Him a remote being who, after having created the universe, had withdrawn from direct involvement with the human race and its sins.
4. Religious skepticism also produced the philosophies of “universalism” and “Unitarianism,” which emerged at first as dissenting views within the New England Congregational Church.
5. Deism, Universalism, Unitarianism, and other rational religions seemed more powerful than they actually were because for a time traditional evangelicals were confused and disorganized.
Subsection Summary: Religious skepticism staged a dramatic comeback in the form of a wave of revivalism.

E. The Second Great Awakening
1. The origins of the Second Great Awakening lay in the efforts of conservative theologians of the 1790s to fight the spread of religious rationalism, and in the efforts of church establishments to revitalize their organizations.
2. Leaders of several different denominations participated in the evangelizing efforts that drove the revival—Presbyterians, Methodism, and Baptists.
3. By 1800, the revivalists’ energies of all these dominations were combing to create the greatest surge of evangelical fervor since the first Great Awakening.
4. The message of the Second Great Awakening was not entirely consistent, but its basic thrust was clear and the wave of

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