Athenian Architecture Research Paper

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The Architectural Design Behind Athens’s Oldest Monuments
For as long as it has been a city, Athens has been a center for Greek culture and Western civilization. As the birthplace of Doric architecture, the buildings of Athens are an example of the Athenians’ intelligence and wealth. Whether it is the Acropolis, Zeus’ Temple, or the Parthenon, the buildings of ancient Athens were a monumental turning point in Classical Architecture and architecture today.
History of Athens
Nearly 3,400 years ago, Athens was named for the Greek goddess Athena after she presented the Athenians with a gift, the olive tree. In the fifth century BC, Pericles became ruler. He led Athens during their Golden Age, a time when the Athenians expanded their knowledge …show more content…

The Parthenon is a Doric temple built on the Acropolis in 447-432 BC. (The Parthenon) It was made entirely of marble moved almost ten miles from Mount Pantelakos. Moving that much marble was expensive. In total, the Parthenon cost the Athenians four hundred and sixty-nine silver talents. That is equal to about 43,382.5 pounds of gold. The Parthenon was built to protect the Athena Parthenos, a nearly forty-foot-tall statue of Athena made of gold and ivory. With eight columns on the front and twenty-three columns on two levels inside, the Parthenon also served as a testimony to the Athenians’ wealth and knowledge of art and design (Ancient Greece – Art and Architecture, Sculpture, Pottery and Greek Temples).
The Parthenon is full of visual illusions that you cannot see with the naked eye. An example of this can be found in the columns on the front. While standing in front of the temple, all the columns appear to be the same size and distance apart. When measured, the two end columns are six centimeters larger in diameter and twenty-five centimeters closer to the other columns. They appear to be the same size when seen against the sky instead of the marble, as the other columns are (The

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