Australian Camels Essay

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Australian Camels

The livestock of man has been distributed throughout the world. Horses, cattle, sheep, pigs and goats can be found on every continent of the planet, with the exception of Antarctica. These common animals supply man with food, materials, and transportation. For thousands of years men have bred these animals for specific purposes. Horses have been bred for work and racing. Cattle have been selectively bred to supply more meat and live in different conditions. Higher quality wool and meat production is the goal of sheep breeders. Yet all of these selectively bred, finely tuned animals require many hours of tending to. Also, they are limited to living in relatively hospitable environments. The
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dromedarius). The Bactrian camel is native to Chinese Turkestan and Mongolia, and probably lived as far west as Iran and eastern Russia.[2] There are few wild herds of Bactrians remaining in the world today. Those that are left can be found roaming the Gobi Desert and in the mountains of China and Mongolia. Domesticated versions of the camels are readily found throughout central Asia.

Australia’s Arid Lands

The arid lands of Australia are sparsely populated compared to those on the coastal fringes. Low rainfall and a scarcity of water have traditionally limited the arid regions of Australia to the cowboys. Although Australia is similar in size to the United States, proportionally the amount of arid land is much higher. In the United States, only the southwest is extremely arid. Seventy percent of Australia falls into this category, making it well suited for camels. As a result, few people are found more than one hundred fifty miles inland in Australia. The Australian population can not grow like in America. The US currently has a population of 275,000,000. Australia’s population is only 20,000,000, and experts argue that it can only grow to 25 or 30 million before being unable to support more people. [3] One of the best possibilities for cultivation that remains relatively untouched is southeastern Australia. This region receives enough rainfall to be productive and there are still relatively few people living there
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