Autism Spectrum Disorder : Dsm 5 Changes And Controversies

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Autism Spectrum Disorder: DSM-5 Changes and Controversies
There are constant changes being made in the DSM and with more research more information is available on the disorders. The recent revisions and changes to the DSM 5 have raised many controversies. The Autism Spectrum Disorder is an illness that affects brain development and is characterized by multiple domains. In the DSM IV the diagnostic criteria for autism and the subtypes worked well at making each disorder distinct and providing the information needed by professionals to follow and apply. The subtypes were the Autistic Disorder, Asperger’s Disorder, Rett’s Disorder, Childhood Disintegrative Disorder, and Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD-NOS). Creating a spectrum through …show more content…

According to the DSM IV, the typical age of onset for these symptoms occurs prior to the age of 3 years old. The DSM IV describes Asperger’s Disorder as an illness that affects the neurological system as well, but patients diagnosed with this disorder are normally high functioning individuals. The diagnostic criteria for Asperger’s Disorder requires an individual to experience some of the same symptoms as those in the Autistic Disorder; however, there are no significant delays in language or cognitive development nor in the development in age-appropriate skills during their childhood. It is important to highlight that the diagnostic criteria cannot be the same for any other Pervasive Developmental Disorder (Tidelands Counseling, 2015). Rett’s Disorder is an illness that affects the development of multiple areas of functioning after birth (emotionally, mentally, and physically). This disorder causes an individual to lose the skills significant to our development and understanding of the world. Moreover, delays and disturbances present in language development involve psychomotor retardation (Rett Syndrome). The diagnostic criteria are very complex and detailed and requires an individual to have all of the following:
• “Apparently normal prenatal and prenatal development
• Apparently normal

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